Thermal and mechanical properties of wood flour/talc-filled polylactic acid composites: Effect of filler content and coupling treatment

Sun Young Lee, In Aeh Kang, Geum Hyun Doh, Ho Gyu Yoon, Byung Dae Park, Qinglin Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wood flour (WF) and talc-filled polylactic acid (PLA) composites are prepared by melt compounding and injection molding. The effects of filler loading and silane treatment, the thermal and mechanical properties of the composites are studied. Loading of WF and WF/talc mixture into neat PLA results in a small decrease in the glass transition and crystalline temperatures of the composites. The use of WF, talc and silane in the composites causes successively larger decreased in the composite crystallinity. The addition of talc and silane to PLA/WF composites improved the tensile modulus. The tensile strength of the composites decreases slightly with the addition of talc, but it considerably improves with the use of 1 wt% silane. Morphological analysis shows improved interfacial bonding with silane treatment for the composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-223
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May 1

Fingerprint

flour
Talc
talc
fillers
Fillers
Wood
Silanes
Thermodynamic properties
thermodynamic properties
mechanical properties
Mechanical properties
acids
silanes
composite materials
Acids
Composite materials
Compounding (chemical)
compounding
injection molding
poly(lactic acid)

Keywords

  • Coupling
  • PLA
  • Polymer composites
  • Talc
  • Wood flour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Thermal and mechanical properties of wood flour/talc-filled polylactic acid composites : Effect of filler content and coupling treatment. / Lee, Sun Young; Kang, In Aeh; Doh, Geum Hyun; Yoon, Ho Gyu; Park, Byung Dae; Wu, Qinglin.

In: Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, Vol. 21, No. 3, 01.05.2008, p. 209-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Wood flour (WF) and talc-filled polylactic acid (PLA) composites are prepared by melt compounding and injection molding. The effects of filler loading and silane treatment, the thermal and mechanical properties of the composites are studied. Loading of WF and WF/talc mixture into neat PLA results in a small decrease in the glass transition and crystalline temperatures of the composites. The use of WF, talc and silane in the composites causes successively larger decreased in the composite crystallinity. The addition of talc and silane to PLA/WF composites improved the tensile modulus. The tensile strength of the composites decreases slightly with the addition of talc, but it considerably improves with the use of 1 wt% silane. Morphological analysis shows improved interfacial bonding with silane treatment for the composites.

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