Thermal and rheological properties of poly(ε-caprolactone) and polystyrene blends

Y. S. Chun, Y. J. Kyung, H. C. Jung, W. N. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermal and rheological properties of blends of poly(ε- caprolactone) (PCL) and polystyrene (PS) have been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy, and Advanced Rheometric Expansion System. Two different molecular weights of PS 1 (M(w) = 1000) and PS 2 (M(w) = 69,000) have been used in the PCL-PS blend. In the thermal analysis of the PCL-PS 1 blend by DSC, the T(c) of PCL in the blend decreased by about 3-13 degrees with blend composition compared to the T(c) of pure PCL. The decrease in T(c) of PCL in the blend indicates that the crystallization of PCL in the PCL-PS 1 blend is deactivated by PS 1. The T(m) of PCL in the blend decreased by about 2-6 degrees with blend composition compared to the T(m) of pure PCL. From the results of T(c) and T(m) of PCL, it is suggested that the PCL-PS 1 blend is partially miscible. The T(c) of PCL in the PCL-PS 2 blend increased by about 2-5 degrees in the PCL-rich compositions. The increase in T(c) of PCL can be explained by the nucleating effect of PS 2 on the primary nucleation of PCL in the PCL-PS 2 blend. From the results of the rheological properties of the PCL-PS 2 blend, the storage modulus of the blend at low frequencies has a larger value than that of the simple mixing rule. The elasticity increase from the simple mixing rule is consistent with the emulsion model for a dispersed system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8729-8733
Number of pages5
JournalPolymer
Volume41
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Nov

Keywords

  • Biodegradable polymer blends
  • Rheological properties
  • Thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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