Thermal conductivity and heat transfer performance enhancement of phase change materials (PCM) containing carbon additives for heat storage application

Da Hee Choi, Juhyuk Lee, Hiki Hong, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In thermal storage system, a high thermal conductivity of Phase Change Materials (PCM) is required to complement the crystallization phenomenon of the PCM during the discharging process. In this study, PCM with carbon additives, Multi-walled Carbon nanotube, Graphite and Graphene, are manufactured and the thermal conductivity of the PCM is measured by the transient hot-wire method for thermal storage application. The thermal conductivity of the PCM is enhanced by adding the carbon additives, and the effect of Poly Vinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) as a dispersion stabilizer on the thermal conductivity is evaluated. It is found that the heat transfer rate enhances up to 3.35 times in the case of Graphite at 5.0 vol%. It is finally concluded that Graphite is the most promising candidate for heat transfer enhancement of stearic acid among three carbon additives even though Graphene gives the highest thermal conductivity enhancement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-120
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Volume42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Heat storage
Phase change materials
Thermal conductivity
Heat transfer
Carbon
Graphite
Graphene
Stearic acid
Carbon nanotubes
Crystallization
Wire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Building and Construction

Cite this

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abstract = "In thermal storage system, a high thermal conductivity of Phase Change Materials (PCM) is required to complement the crystallization phenomenon of the PCM during the discharging process. In this study, PCM with carbon additives, Multi-walled Carbon nanotube, Graphite and Graphene, are manufactured and the thermal conductivity of the PCM is measured by the transient hot-wire method for thermal storage application. The thermal conductivity of the PCM is enhanced by adding the carbon additives, and the effect of Poly Vinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) as a dispersion stabilizer on the thermal conductivity is evaluated. It is found that the heat transfer rate enhances up to 3.35 times in the case of Graphite at 5.0 vol{\%}. It is finally concluded that Graphite is the most promising candidate for heat transfer enhancement of stearic acid among three carbon additives even though Graphene gives the highest thermal conductivity enhancement.",
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AU - Choi, Da Hee

AU - Lee, Juhyuk

AU - Hong, Hiki

AU - Kang, Yong Tae

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