Thermal stability of Sn anode material with non-aqueous electrolytes in sodium-ion batteries

Yongho Lee, Hyojun Lim, Sang Ok Kim, Hyung Seok Kim, Ki Jae Kim, Kwan Young Lee, Wonchang Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermal behavior of fully lithiated and sodiated Sn electrodes cycled in a MePF6 (Me = Li or Na)-based electrolyte was studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The sodiated Sn electrode cycled in the NaPF6-based electrolyte showed a thermal reaction with much greater heat generation (1719.4 J g-1) during the first exothermic reaction corresponding to the thermal decomposition reaction of the solid electrolyte interface (SEI) layer, compared to that of the lithiated Sn electrode (647.7 J g-1) in the LiPF6-based electrolyte because of the formation of a thicker surface film on the Sn electrode. The NaPF6-based electrolyte yielded a slightly less conductive and/or a thicker SEI layer than the NaClO4-based electrolyte, resulting in the intense thermal decomposition of the SEI layer. The DSC results for the fully sodiated Sn electrode cycled in FEC-containing electrolytes clearly demonstrate that an exothermic reaction corresponding to the SEI decomposition mostly disappears because of the formation of a thermally stable and thin SEI layer on active materials via the electrochemical decomposition of FEC. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals the formation of SEI with a relatively high proportion of NaF, which is known to be a thermally stable inorganic solid at high temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20383-20392
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume6
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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