Thermodynamic investigation of vanadium oxide in CaO–SiO2–VOx system at 1873 K

Donghwi Park, Ji Seok Jung, Joonho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Owing to the complexity of the multivalence states of vanadium oxides in slag systems and experimental difficulties, thermodynamic properties of vanadium oxides have not been established yet. In the present study, the mixed-valence states and activities of the vanadium oxides in CaO–SiO2–VOx slag were investigated experimentally at 1873 K and oxygen partial pressures of 3.2 × 10–9 and 3.1 × 10–7 atm. After the CaO–SiO2–VOx slag had equilibrated with a platinum strip, the mixed-valence states of the vanadium oxides in the slag were estimated by performing X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and the activities of the vanadium oxides in the slag were calculated using the activity of vanadium in the platinum strip at equilibrium using thermodynamic equations. At an oxygen partial pressure of 3.2 × 10–9 atm, V3+ was the dominant ion and V4+ was the second most abundant ion. With increasing VOx content or basicity (CaO/SiO2 ratio), the fraction of V3+ decreased, whereas that of V4+ increased. The activity of VO1.5 was greater than those of the other vanadium oxides. On the other hand, when the oxygen partial pressure increased to 3.1 × 10–7 atm, V4+ became the dominant ion. As the slag basicity increased, the fraction of V4+ increased further, whereas that of V3+ decreased to less than that of V5+. The activity of VO1.5 was greater than those of the other vanadium oxides, limiting the effect of the slag basicity. Consequently, the valence state of vanadium oxide was affected by the slag basicity at a low oxygen partial pressure by acting as a network modifier. In contrast, at a higher oxygen partial pressure, the activity of vanadium oxide increased further but was not affected by the slag basicity because of its contribution to the network structure formation. The present findings can be applied to optimize the slag composition in steel refining or vanadium pentoxide production processes to increase the yield rate of vanadium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-779
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume106
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan

Keywords

  • activity
  • oxides
  • slags
  • thermodynamics
  • vanadium/vanadium compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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