Thin film composite membrane prepared by interfacial polymerization as an ion exchange membrane for salinity gradient power

Chul Ho Park, Harim Bae, Wook Choi, Kangwon Lee, Dea gyun Oh, Jonghwi Lee, Jung-hyun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For extracting the salinity gradient energy, membrane is a key material with a high power density. For this purpose, thin film composite (TFC) membranes were synthesized by interfacial polymerization using various acyl chloride and amine monomers. TFC membranes were characterized by FT-IR, SEM, XPS, and AFM. Among the range of TFC, the best candidate was prepared by combining 3,5-diaminebenzonic acid (0.5 wt% with distilled water) and 1,3,5-benzenetricarbonyl trichloride (0.2 wt% with n-hexane). The TFC membrane (thickness = 0.02 mm) generated a power density of 7.2 W/m2 at salinity gradient between 0.005 and 0.5 M KCl solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-371
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 25

Keywords

  • Interfacial polymerization
  • Ion exchange membranes
  • Salinity gradient power
  • Thin film composite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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