Three different Turkey luteinizing hormone receptor (tLH-R) isoforms II: Characterization of differentially regulated tLH-R messenger ribonucleic acid isoforms in the ovary

Seungkwon You, Hyunggee Kim, Mohamed E. El Halawani, Douglas N. Foster

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have recently characterized three different, alternatively spliced, partial turkey LH receptor (tLH-R) cDNA isoforms by the combination of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The first cDNA (intact form: tLH-R(intact)) showed 98% and 72-75% similarity with chicken and mammalian LH receptor sequences, respectively. The other two cloned cDNA isoforms (insertion and truncated forms: tLH-R(insert) and tLH-R(trunc)) could encode truncated soluble protein isoforms that lack the transmembrane region. Northern blot analysis detected two transcripts of 3.0 kilobases (kb) (tLH-R(intact)) and 1.5 kb (tLH-R(trunc)) in the turkey ovary but could not discriminate a third alternatively spliced transcript (tLH-R(insert)) due to the small 86-base pair difference in the size range of approximately 3.0-kb mRNAs. But with the combination of RNase protection assay, RT-PCR, and Northern blot analysis, three different alternatively spliced tLH-R mRNA isoforms were quantified. Differential expression of the tLH-R mRNA isoforms was demonstrated in ovarian stromal tissue during various reproductive stages and in the theca and granulosa layer through follicular development. To gain a better understanding of the physiological significance of the three different tLH-R isoforms, total RNA from the theca layer through follicular development after prolactin (PRL) treatment was analyzed by RT-PCR. PRL treatment for 8-14 days significantly increased the steady-state levels of total tLH-R mRNAs, including tLH-R(insert) and tLH-R(trunc) mRNAs, compared to those in nontreated controls. In contrast, the steady-state levels of tLH-R(intact) mRNA during the same period was not significantly changed when compared to that in nontreated controls. The present study shows that tLH-R transcripts are alternatively spliced in a tissue-specific manner in the turkey and that the mechanism may, in part, be controlled hormonally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume62
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 10
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

LH Receptors
Turkey
Ovary
Protein Isoforms
RNA
RNA Isoforms
Complementary DNA
Reverse Transcription
Messenger RNA
Northern Blotting
Prolactin
Polymerase Chain Reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Embryology

Cite this

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title = "Three different Turkey luteinizing hormone receptor (tLH-R) isoforms II: Characterization of differentially regulated tLH-R messenger ribonucleic acid isoforms in the ovary",
abstract = "We have recently characterized three different, alternatively spliced, partial turkey LH receptor (tLH-R) cDNA isoforms by the combination of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The first cDNA (intact form: tLH-R(intact)) showed 98{\%} and 72-75{\%} similarity with chicken and mammalian LH receptor sequences, respectively. The other two cloned cDNA isoforms (insertion and truncated forms: tLH-R(insert) and tLH-R(trunc)) could encode truncated soluble protein isoforms that lack the transmembrane region. Northern blot analysis detected two transcripts of 3.0 kilobases (kb) (tLH-R(intact)) and 1.5 kb (tLH-R(trunc)) in the turkey ovary but could not discriminate a third alternatively spliced transcript (tLH-R(insert)) due to the small 86-base pair difference in the size range of approximately 3.0-kb mRNAs. But with the combination of RNase protection assay, RT-PCR, and Northern blot analysis, three different alternatively spliced tLH-R mRNA isoforms were quantified. Differential expression of the tLH-R mRNA isoforms was demonstrated in ovarian stromal tissue during various reproductive stages and in the theca and granulosa layer through follicular development. To gain a better understanding of the physiological significance of the three different tLH-R isoforms, total RNA from the theca layer through follicular development after prolactin (PRL) treatment was analyzed by RT-PCR. PRL treatment for 8-14 days significantly increased the steady-state levels of total tLH-R mRNAs, including tLH-R(insert) and tLH-R(trunc) mRNAs, compared to those in nontreated controls. In contrast, the steady-state levels of tLH-R(intact) mRNA during the same period was not significantly changed when compared to that in nontreated controls. The present study shows that tLH-R transcripts are alternatively spliced in a tissue-specific manner in the turkey and that the mechanism may, in part, be controlled hormonally.",
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T1 - Three different Turkey luteinizing hormone receptor (tLH-R) isoforms II

T2 - Characterization of differentially regulated tLH-R messenger ribonucleic acid isoforms in the ovary

AU - You, Seungkwon

AU - Kim, Hyunggee

AU - El Halawani, Mohamed E.

AU - Foster, Douglas N.

PY - 2000/1/10

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N2 - We have recently characterized three different, alternatively spliced, partial turkey LH receptor (tLH-R) cDNA isoforms by the combination of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The first cDNA (intact form: tLH-R(intact)) showed 98% and 72-75% similarity with chicken and mammalian LH receptor sequences, respectively. The other two cloned cDNA isoforms (insertion and truncated forms: tLH-R(insert) and tLH-R(trunc)) could encode truncated soluble protein isoforms that lack the transmembrane region. Northern blot analysis detected two transcripts of 3.0 kilobases (kb) (tLH-R(intact)) and 1.5 kb (tLH-R(trunc)) in the turkey ovary but could not discriminate a third alternatively spliced transcript (tLH-R(insert)) due to the small 86-base pair difference in the size range of approximately 3.0-kb mRNAs. But with the combination of RNase protection assay, RT-PCR, and Northern blot analysis, three different alternatively spliced tLH-R mRNA isoforms were quantified. Differential expression of the tLH-R mRNA isoforms was demonstrated in ovarian stromal tissue during various reproductive stages and in the theca and granulosa layer through follicular development. To gain a better understanding of the physiological significance of the three different tLH-R isoforms, total RNA from the theca layer through follicular development after prolactin (PRL) treatment was analyzed by RT-PCR. PRL treatment for 8-14 days significantly increased the steady-state levels of total tLH-R mRNAs, including tLH-R(insert) and tLH-R(trunc) mRNAs, compared to those in nontreated controls. In contrast, the steady-state levels of tLH-R(intact) mRNA during the same period was not significantly changed when compared to that in nontreated controls. The present study shows that tLH-R transcripts are alternatively spliced in a tissue-specific manner in the turkey and that the mechanism may, in part, be controlled hormonally.

AB - We have recently characterized three different, alternatively spliced, partial turkey LH receptor (tLH-R) cDNA isoforms by the combination of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The first cDNA (intact form: tLH-R(intact)) showed 98% and 72-75% similarity with chicken and mammalian LH receptor sequences, respectively. The other two cloned cDNA isoforms (insertion and truncated forms: tLH-R(insert) and tLH-R(trunc)) could encode truncated soluble protein isoforms that lack the transmembrane region. Northern blot analysis detected two transcripts of 3.0 kilobases (kb) (tLH-R(intact)) and 1.5 kb (tLH-R(trunc)) in the turkey ovary but could not discriminate a third alternatively spliced transcript (tLH-R(insert)) due to the small 86-base pair difference in the size range of approximately 3.0-kb mRNAs. But with the combination of RNase protection assay, RT-PCR, and Northern blot analysis, three different alternatively spliced tLH-R mRNA isoforms were quantified. Differential expression of the tLH-R mRNA isoforms was demonstrated in ovarian stromal tissue during various reproductive stages and in the theca and granulosa layer through follicular development. To gain a better understanding of the physiological significance of the three different tLH-R isoforms, total RNA from the theca layer through follicular development after prolactin (PRL) treatment was analyzed by RT-PCR. PRL treatment for 8-14 days significantly increased the steady-state levels of total tLH-R mRNAs, including tLH-R(insert) and tLH-R(trunc) mRNAs, compared to those in nontreated controls. In contrast, the steady-state levels of tLH-R(intact) mRNA during the same period was not significantly changed when compared to that in nontreated controls. The present study shows that tLH-R transcripts are alternatively spliced in a tissue-specific manner in the turkey and that the mechanism may, in part, be controlled hormonally.

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