Three different Turkey luteinizing hormone receptor (tLH-R) isoforms I

Characterization of alternatively spliced tLH-R isoforms and their regulated expression in diverse tissues

Seungkwon You, Hyunggee Kim, Chi Chen Hsu, Mohamed E. El Halawani, Douglas N. Foster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using combinations of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends, three different, alternatively spliced, partial turkey LH receptor (tLH-R) cDNA isoforms were characterized from ovarian mRNA. The first cDNA (tLH-R(intact)) showed 98% and 72-75% similarity with chicken and mammalian LH-R sequences, respectively. The second cloned cDNA isoform (tLH-R(insert)) contained an in- frame TGA stop codon within an 86-base pair insertion that was located in the extracellular domain of the seven-transmembrane region. The tLH-R(insert) isoform could encode a truncated soluble protein isoform that lacked the transmembrane region. The third cDNA isoform truncated the transmembrane region (tLH-R(trunc)) and was derived by the deletion of the last exon by incomplete splicing. Generation of multiple transcripts by alternative splicing was elucidated by partial characterization of tLH-R genomic sequences. The differentially regulated expression of the tLH-R mRNA isoforms in nongonadal tissues and ovarian stromal tissues during various reproductive stages was quantified and analyzed by Northern blot and/or RT-PCR. Alternatively spliced tLH-R isoforms were differentially expressed in a tissue-specific manner in most of the tissues examined. The steady-state levels of tLH-R mRNA isoforms were relatively high in the hypothalamus and optic nerve and relatively low in the cortex, pituitary, and cerebellum when compared to levels in ovarian follicles. In nongonadal reproductive tissues, the steady-state levels of tLH-R mRNA isoforms were relatively high in the uterus and infundibulum and relatively low in the isthmus, oviduct, and magnum. In addition, in the nongonadal peripheral tissues, the steady-state levels of tLH-R isoforms were relatively high in the thyroid gland and relatively low in the spleen, adrenal gland, kidney, skin, bursa, and muscle. The present study suggests that the alternative splicing of LH-R transcripts occurs in a tissue-specific manner and has been evolutionarily conserved (similar results were obtained in chicken and swine). These results raise fundamental questions as to the function of LH-R isoforms in nongonadal tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-116
Number of pages9
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume62
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 10
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

LH Receptors
Turkey
Protein Isoforms
RNA Isoforms
Complementary DNA
Terminator Codon
Alternative Splicing
Reverse Transcription
Chickens
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Ovarian Follicle
Oviducts
Pituitary Gland
Optic Nerve
Adrenal Glands
Base Pairing
Northern Blotting
Cerebellum
Hypothalamus
Uterus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Embryology

Cite this

Three different Turkey luteinizing hormone receptor (tLH-R) isoforms I : Characterization of alternatively spliced tLH-R isoforms and their regulated expression in diverse tissues. / You, Seungkwon; Kim, Hyunggee; Hsu, Chi Chen; El Halawani, Mohamed E.; Foster, Douglas N.

In: Biology of Reproduction, Vol. 62, No. 1, 10.01.2000, p. 108-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5021961ed90646d79e940154b91b48aa,
title = "Three different Turkey luteinizing hormone receptor (tLH-R) isoforms I: Characterization of alternatively spliced tLH-R isoforms and their regulated expression in diverse tissues",
abstract = "Using combinations of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends, three different, alternatively spliced, partial turkey LH receptor (tLH-R) cDNA isoforms were characterized from ovarian mRNA. The first cDNA (tLH-R(intact)) showed 98{\%} and 72-75{\%} similarity with chicken and mammalian LH-R sequences, respectively. The second cloned cDNA isoform (tLH-R(insert)) contained an in- frame TGA stop codon within an 86-base pair insertion that was located in the extracellular domain of the seven-transmembrane region. The tLH-R(insert) isoform could encode a truncated soluble protein isoform that lacked the transmembrane region. The third cDNA isoform truncated the transmembrane region (tLH-R(trunc)) and was derived by the deletion of the last exon by incomplete splicing. Generation of multiple transcripts by alternative splicing was elucidated by partial characterization of tLH-R genomic sequences. The differentially regulated expression of the tLH-R mRNA isoforms in nongonadal tissues and ovarian stromal tissues during various reproductive stages was quantified and analyzed by Northern blot and/or RT-PCR. Alternatively spliced tLH-R isoforms were differentially expressed in a tissue-specific manner in most of the tissues examined. The steady-state levels of tLH-R mRNA isoforms were relatively high in the hypothalamus and optic nerve and relatively low in the cortex, pituitary, and cerebellum when compared to levels in ovarian follicles. In nongonadal reproductive tissues, the steady-state levels of tLH-R mRNA isoforms were relatively high in the uterus and infundibulum and relatively low in the isthmus, oviduct, and magnum. In addition, in the nongonadal peripheral tissues, the steady-state levels of tLH-R isoforms were relatively high in the thyroid gland and relatively low in the spleen, adrenal gland, kidney, skin, bursa, and muscle. The present study suggests that the alternative splicing of LH-R transcripts occurs in a tissue-specific manner and has been evolutionarily conserved (similar results were obtained in chicken and swine). These results raise fundamental questions as to the function of LH-R isoforms in nongonadal tissues.",
author = "Seungkwon You and Hyunggee Kim and Hsu, {Chi Chen} and {El Halawani}, {Mohamed E.} and Foster, {Douglas N.}",
year = "2000",
month = "1",
day = "10",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "108--116",
journal = "Biology of Reproduction",
issn = "0006-3363",
publisher = "Society for the Study of Reproduction",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three different Turkey luteinizing hormone receptor (tLH-R) isoforms I

T2 - Characterization of alternatively spliced tLH-R isoforms and their regulated expression in diverse tissues

AU - You, Seungkwon

AU - Kim, Hyunggee

AU - Hsu, Chi Chen

AU - El Halawani, Mohamed E.

AU - Foster, Douglas N.

PY - 2000/1/10

Y1 - 2000/1/10

N2 - Using combinations of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends, three different, alternatively spliced, partial turkey LH receptor (tLH-R) cDNA isoforms were characterized from ovarian mRNA. The first cDNA (tLH-R(intact)) showed 98% and 72-75% similarity with chicken and mammalian LH-R sequences, respectively. The second cloned cDNA isoform (tLH-R(insert)) contained an in- frame TGA stop codon within an 86-base pair insertion that was located in the extracellular domain of the seven-transmembrane region. The tLH-R(insert) isoform could encode a truncated soluble protein isoform that lacked the transmembrane region. The third cDNA isoform truncated the transmembrane region (tLH-R(trunc)) and was derived by the deletion of the last exon by incomplete splicing. Generation of multiple transcripts by alternative splicing was elucidated by partial characterization of tLH-R genomic sequences. The differentially regulated expression of the tLH-R mRNA isoforms in nongonadal tissues and ovarian stromal tissues during various reproductive stages was quantified and analyzed by Northern blot and/or RT-PCR. Alternatively spliced tLH-R isoforms were differentially expressed in a tissue-specific manner in most of the tissues examined. The steady-state levels of tLH-R mRNA isoforms were relatively high in the hypothalamus and optic nerve and relatively low in the cortex, pituitary, and cerebellum when compared to levels in ovarian follicles. In nongonadal reproductive tissues, the steady-state levels of tLH-R mRNA isoforms were relatively high in the uterus and infundibulum and relatively low in the isthmus, oviduct, and magnum. In addition, in the nongonadal peripheral tissues, the steady-state levels of tLH-R isoforms were relatively high in the thyroid gland and relatively low in the spleen, adrenal gland, kidney, skin, bursa, and muscle. The present study suggests that the alternative splicing of LH-R transcripts occurs in a tissue-specific manner and has been evolutionarily conserved (similar results were obtained in chicken and swine). These results raise fundamental questions as to the function of LH-R isoforms in nongonadal tissues.

AB - Using combinations of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends, three different, alternatively spliced, partial turkey LH receptor (tLH-R) cDNA isoforms were characterized from ovarian mRNA. The first cDNA (tLH-R(intact)) showed 98% and 72-75% similarity with chicken and mammalian LH-R sequences, respectively. The second cloned cDNA isoform (tLH-R(insert)) contained an in- frame TGA stop codon within an 86-base pair insertion that was located in the extracellular domain of the seven-transmembrane region. The tLH-R(insert) isoform could encode a truncated soluble protein isoform that lacked the transmembrane region. The third cDNA isoform truncated the transmembrane region (tLH-R(trunc)) and was derived by the deletion of the last exon by incomplete splicing. Generation of multiple transcripts by alternative splicing was elucidated by partial characterization of tLH-R genomic sequences. The differentially regulated expression of the tLH-R mRNA isoforms in nongonadal tissues and ovarian stromal tissues during various reproductive stages was quantified and analyzed by Northern blot and/or RT-PCR. Alternatively spliced tLH-R isoforms were differentially expressed in a tissue-specific manner in most of the tissues examined. The steady-state levels of tLH-R mRNA isoforms were relatively high in the hypothalamus and optic nerve and relatively low in the cortex, pituitary, and cerebellum when compared to levels in ovarian follicles. In nongonadal reproductive tissues, the steady-state levels of tLH-R mRNA isoforms were relatively high in the uterus and infundibulum and relatively low in the isthmus, oviduct, and magnum. In addition, in the nongonadal peripheral tissues, the steady-state levels of tLH-R isoforms were relatively high in the thyroid gland and relatively low in the spleen, adrenal gland, kidney, skin, bursa, and muscle. The present study suggests that the alternative splicing of LH-R transcripts occurs in a tissue-specific manner and has been evolutionarily conserved (similar results were obtained in chicken and swine). These results raise fundamental questions as to the function of LH-R isoforms in nongonadal tissues.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033973296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033973296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 62

SP - 108

EP - 116

JO - Biology of Reproduction

JF - Biology of Reproduction

SN - 0006-3363

IS - 1

ER -