Three-dimensional blood-brain barrier model for in vitro studies of neurovascular pathology

Hansang Cho, Ji Hae Seo, Keith H.K. Wong, Yasukazu Terasaki, Joseph Park, Kiwan Bong, Ken Arai, Eng H. Lo, Daniel Irimia

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93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Blood-brain barrier (BBB) pathology leads to neurovascular disorders and is an important target for therapies. However, the study of BBB pathology is difficult in the absence of models that are simple and relevant. In vivo animal models are highly relevant, however they are hampered by complex, multi-cellular interactions that are difficult to decouple. In vitro models of BBB are simpler, however they have limited functionality and relevance to disease processes. To address these limitations, we developed a 3-dimensional (3D) model of BBB on a microfluidic platform. We verified the tightness of the BBB by showing its ability to reduce the leakage of dyes and to block the transmigration of immune cells towards chemoattractants. Moreover, we verified the localization at endothelial cell boundaries of ZO-1 and VE-Cadherin, two components of tight and adherens junctions. To validate the functionality of the BBB model, we probed its disruption by neuro-inflammation mediators and ischemic conditions and measured the protective function of antioxidant and ROCK-inhibitor treatments. Overall, our 3D BBB model provides a robust platform, adequate for detailed functional studies of BBB and for the screening of BBB-targeting drugs in neurological diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15222
JournalScientific reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 27

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Cho, H., Seo, J. H., Wong, K. H. K., Terasaki, Y., Park, J., Bong, K., Arai, K., Lo, E. H., & Irimia, D. (2015). Three-dimensional blood-brain barrier model for in vitro studies of neurovascular pathology. Scientific reports, 5, [15222]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep15222