We propose rationally designed 3D grating nanowires for boosting light-matter interactions. Full-vectorial simulations show that grating nanowires sustain high-amplitude waveguide modes and induce a strong optical antenna effect, which leads to an enhancement in nanowire absorption at specific or broadband wavelengths. Analyses of mode profiles and scattering spectra verify that periodic shells convert a normal plane wave into trapped waveguide modes, thus giving rise to scattering dips. A 200 nm diameter crystalline Si nanowire with designed periodic shells yields an enormously large current density of ∼28 mA?cm2 together with an absorption efficiency exceeding unity at infrared wavelengths. The grating nanowires studied herein will provide an extremely efficient absorption platform for photovoltaic devices and colorsensitive photodetectors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics