Three-dimensional nanoporous Fe2O3/Fe 3C-graphene heterogeneous thin films for lithium-ion batteries

Yang Yang, Xiujun Fan, Gilberto Casillas, Zhiwei Peng, Gedeng Ruan, Gunuk Wang, Miguel Jose Yacaman, James M. Tour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Citations (Scopus)


Three-dimensional self-organized nanoporous thin films integrated into a heterogeneous Fe2O3/Fe3C-graphene structure were fabricated using chemical vapor deposition. Few-layer graphene coated on the nanoporous thin film was used as a conductive passivation layer, and Fe 3C was introduced to improve capacity retention and stability of the nanoporous layer. A possible interfacial lithium storage effect was anticipated to provide additional charge storage in the electrode. These nanoporous layers, when used as an anode in lithium-ion batteries, deliver greatly enhanced cyclability and rate capacity compared with pristine Fe2O 3: a specific capacity of 356 μAh cm-2 μm -1 (3560 mAh cm-3 or ∼1118 mAh g-1) obtained at a discharge current density of 50 μA cm-2 (∼0.17 C) with 88% retention after 100 cycles and 165 μAh cm-2 μm -1 (1650 mAh cm-3 or ∼518 mAh g-1) obtained at a discharge current density of 1000 μA cm-2 (∼6.6 C) for 1000 cycles were achieved. Meanwhile an energy density of 294 μWh cm -2 μm-1 (2.94 Wh cm-3 or ∼924 Wh kg -1) and power density of 584 μW cm-2 μm-1 (5.84 W cm-3 or ∼1834 W kg-1) were also obtained, which may make these thin film anodes promising as a power supply for micro- or even nanosized portable electronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3939-3946
Number of pages8
JournalACS nano
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr 22
Externally publishedYes


  • anode
  • heterogeneous structure
  • lithium-ion battery
  • nanoporous
  • thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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