Tocol levels in milling fractions of some cereal grains and soybean

Soon Nam Ko, Chul Jin Kim, Hakryul Kim, Chong Tai Kim, Soo Hyun Chung, Beom Seok Tae, In Hwan Kim

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tocol levels in the milling fractions of rice, barley, corn, wheat, and soybeans were analyzed by HPLC with a fluorescence detector. Among all milling fractions tested in this study, rice germ had the highest total tocol levels. In the four milling fractions of barley, except pearling flour, all eight tocol isomers were detected, and they were more uniformly distributed than in any other cereal grains measured in this study. The total tocol and α-tocopherol levels of wheat germ were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than the other wheat milling fractions. A significantly (P< 0.05) higher proportion of γ-tocopherol was obtained from corn germ (71.5%) and endosperm (50.3%) than from corn hulls. Only four tocol isomers (α-, β-, γ-, and δtocopherol) were detected in soybean milling fractions; no tocotrienol isomers were detected. The δ-tocopherol level of soybean endosperm, although minor, was significantly higher than those in milling fractions of other cereal grains in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-589
Number of pages5
JournalJAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Volume80
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun

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Keywords

  • Barley
  • Cereal grains
  • Corn
  • Milling
  • Rice
  • Soybean
  • Tocol
  • Tocopherol
  • Tocotrienol
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

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