Topical delivery of interleukin-13 antisense oligonucleotides with cationic elastic liposome for the treatment of atopic dermatitis

Sung Tae Kim, Kyung Mi Lee, Hyun Joo Park, Su Eon Jin, Woong Shick Ahn, Chong Kook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Interleukin (IL)-13, overproduced in the skin of atopic dermatitis (AD), has been shown to play an essential role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Thus, inhibition of IL-13 production should provide a key step to alleviate disease conditions of the atopic skin. In the present study, IL-13 antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) was designed and formulated with cationic elastic liposome (cEL) to improve transdermal delivery. Methods: ASOs were generated against murine IL-13 mRNA (+4 to +23) and complexed with cEL. Physicochemical properties of IL-13 ASO/cEL complex were examined by DNA retardation and DNase I protection assay. An in vitro inhibition study was performed in T-helper 2 (Th2) cells and cytotoxicity was tested by the XTT assay. The in vivo effect of IL-13 ASO/cEL complex was tested in a murine model of AD. Results: In vitro, the IL-13 ASO/cEL complex showed dose- and ratio-dependent inhibition of IL-13 secretion in Th2 cells. At the IL-13 ASO/cEL ratio of 6, maximum inhibition of IL-13 secretion was observed. When applied to the ovalbumin-sensitized murine model of AD, topically administered IL-13 ASO/cEL complex dramatically suppressed IL-13 production (by up to 70% of the control) in the affected skin region. In addition, the levels of IL-4 and IL-5 were also significantly reduced. Moreover, IL-13 ASO/cEL-treated AD mice showed reduced infiltration of inflammatory cells into the epidermal and dermal areas, with concomitant reduction of skin thickness. Conclusions: These data suggests that IL-13 ASO/cEL complex can provide a potential therapeutic tool for the treatment of AD and also be applied to other immune diseases associated with the production of II-13.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-37
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Gene Medicine
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Antisense oligonucleotide
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Cationic elastic liposome
  • Interleukin-13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Drug Discovery
  • Genetics(clinical)

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