Topological end states and Zak phase of rectangular armchair ribbon

Y. H. Jeong, S. R. Eric Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We consider the end states of a half-filled rectangular armchair graphene ribbon (RAGR) in a staggered potential. Taking electron–electron interactions into account we find that, as the strength of the staggered potential varies, three types of couplings between the end states can occur: antiferromagnetic without or with spin splitting, and paramagnetic without spin-splitting. We find that a spin-splitting is present only in the staggered potential region 0<Δ<Δc. The transition from the antiferromagnetic state at Δ=0 to the paramagnetic state goes through an intermediate spin-split antiferromagnetic state, and this spin-splitting disappears suddenly at Δc. For small and large values of Δ the end charge of a RAGR can be connected to the Zak phase of the periodic armchair graphene ribbon (PARG) with the same width, and it varies continuously as the strength of the potential changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)688-694
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Physics
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct


  • Edge magnetization
  • End state
  • Fractional charge
  • Graphene nanosystem
  • Polarization
  • Zak phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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