Toward a theory of the primo vascular system: A hypothetical circulatory system at the subcellular level

Byung Cheon Lee, Ji Woong Yoon, Sang Hyun Park, Seung Zhoo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper suggests a theoretical framework for the primo vascular system (PVS), a hypothetical circulatory system, in which extracellular DNA microvesicles interact to form and break down cell structures. Since Bonghan Kim reported the existence of Bonghan ducts and the SNU research team reinvestigated and named it the PVS, there has been series of studies trying to examine its structure and functions. In this paper, we hypothesize that the PVS is the network system in which extracellular DNA microvesicles circulate and interact at the subcellular level, forming and breaking down cell structures. This idea integrates A. Béchamp's idea of microzymas and Bonghan Kim's idea of sanals. A proof of this idea may complement modern medical theory, perhaps providing an essential clue for an alternative solution dealing with modern healthcare problem.

Original languageEnglish
Article number961957
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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