Toxic culture filtrates produced by Calonectria ilicicola, causal agent of red crown rot of soybean

K. D. Kim, J. S. Russin, J. P. Snow, K. E. Damann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eleven soybean cultivars with different levels of susceptibility to virulent isolate SG915 of Calonectria ilicicola were examined for reaction to metabolites produced by the isolate. When the culture filtrate from isolate SG915 was applied to trifoliates from 11 cultivars, cvs. 'Cajun' and 'Asgrow 7986' exhibited reduced wilting severity. However, there was no correlation between sensitivity to culture filtrate and susceptibility to the fungal isolate. Wilting severity on cv. 'Riverside 699' was greatest when trifoliates were treated with culture filtrates from isolates SG915 (highly virulent) and C31 (less virulent). The dilution end-point for culture filtrates of virulent isolate SG915 was determined to be 1:8. Nonautoclaved culture filtrates caused complete wilt of soybean trifoliates after 36 h, but autoclaved culture filtrates demonstrated a reduced ability to wilt leaves. Electrolyte leakage from treated leaf tissues increased over time regardless of the concentrations of culture filtrate tested. The greatest electrolyte losses were observed during the initial 30 min incubation of leaf tissues. The highest concentration of culture filtrate (50%, v/v) induced more electrolyte loss than the low concentration (10%, v/v) or control. These results suggest that toxic metabolites of C. ilicicola may be involved in disease development with leaf symptom expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-123
Number of pages9
JournalPhytoparasitica
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • C. ilicicola
  • Calonectria crotalariae
  • Red crown rot
  • Soybean
  • Toxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Insect Science

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