Toxic response of clostridium Beijerinckii and Escherichia Coli to lignin hydrolysate-related compounds

Robert J. Mitchell, Yun Jie Lee, Sun Mi Lee, Joo Myung Ahn, Dae Haeng Cho, Young Soon Um, Yong Hwan Kim, Man Bock Gu, Byoung In Sang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The toxicity of several compounds commonly found in lignin hydrolysates were evaluated individually by monitoring the production of acetone, butanol, and ethanol (ABE) from Clostridium beijerinckii. The compounds selected for analysis included coumaric acid, syringaldehyde, furfural, ferulic acid and glucuronic acid. Very significant losses in butanol and acetone production were evident when the cultures were exposed to 0.5 mg/mL coumaric or ferulic acid, with a concurrent increase in the amount of acetic acid and butyric acid being produced. Exposure to syringaldehyde led a reduced butanol production while the addition of up to 1 mg/mL of furfural or glucuronic acid had little or no effect on the metabolic output of this strain. To further evaluate, and potentially identify, the stresses C. beijerinckii experience when exposed to each of these compounds, tests were performed using a panel of bioluminescent strains of E. coli. The stresses experienced when bacteria were exposed to each compound were characterized based upon the bioluminescent responses from these strains. Syringaldehyde led to a significant amount of membrane damage, with the bioluminescent response from strain DPD2540 being induced more than 400-fold when syringaldehyde was added to a concentration of 1 mg/mL. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting (New Orleans, LA 4/6-10/2008).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting, Conference Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting, Conference - New Orleans, LA, United States
Duration: 2008 Apr 62008 Apr 10

Publication series

Name2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting, Conference Proceedings

Other

Other2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting, Conference
CountryUnited States
CityNew Orleans, LA
Period08/4/608/4/10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Bioengineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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    Mitchell, R. J., Lee, Y. J., Lee, S. M., Ahn, J. M., Cho, D. H., Um, Y. S., Kim, Y. H., Gu, M. B., & Sang, B. I. (2008). Toxic response of clostridium Beijerinckii and Escherichia Coli to lignin hydrolysate-related compounds. In 2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting, Conference Proceedings (2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting, Conference Proceedings).