Traffic Sign Recognition in Harsh Environment Using Attention Based Convolutional Pooling Neural Network

Jun Ho Chung, Dong Won Kim, Tae Koo Kang, Myo Taeg Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have achieved significant progress in computer vision systems, helping to efficiently obtain feature information by sliding filters on the input images. However, CNNs have difficulty capturing specific properties when the images are affected by various noises. This paper proposes an attention based convolutional pooling neural network (ACPNN) where an attention-mechanism is applied to feature maps to obtain key features, and max pooling is replaced with convolutional pooling to improve recognition accuracy in harsh environments. The ACPNN with attention mechanism and convolutional pooling structure is robust against external noises and maintains classification performance under such conditions. The proposed ACPNN was validated on the German traffic sign recognition benchmark with various cases. Considering the traffic signs are suffered from various noises, the recognition performances were demonstrated with conventional CNN and state-of-the art CNNs such as multi-scale CNN, committee of CNN, hierarchical CNN, and multi-column deep neural network. Under such harsh conditions, the proposed ACPNN shows 66.981% and 83.198% respectively, which are the best performances compared to other CNNs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2551-2573
Number of pages23
JournalNeural Processing Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 1


  • Attention mechanism
  • Convolutional neural network
  • Convolutional pooling
  • Max pooling
  • Traffic sign recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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