GATA-3 is a zinc finger transcription factor that is expressed in T cell lineages as well as in the nervous system during development. In this study, we report that forced expression of GATA-3 resulted in an increased number of dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH)-expressing neurons in primary neural crest stem cell (NCSC) culture, suggesting that the DBH gene may be a downstream target gene of GATA-3. GATA-3 robustly transactivates the promoter function of the noradrenaline (NA)-synthesizing DBH gene, via two specific upstream promoter domains; one at -62 to -32 bp and the other at -891 to -853 bp. Surprisingly, none of these domains contain GATA-3 binding sites but encompass binding motifs for transcription factors Sp1 and AP4, respectively. Protein-protein interaction analyses both in vitro and in vivo and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays showed that GATA-3 effects its transcriptional regulatory function through physical interactions with these transcription factors.
- ChIP assay
- Dopamine β-hydroxylase
- Protein-protein interaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience