Transmuted isotopes doped in neutron-irradiated ZnO thin films

Hyunsuk Kim, Kwangsue Park, Byungdon Min, Jong Soo Lee, Kyoungah Cho, Sangsig Kim, Hyon Soo Han, Soon Ku Hong, Takafumi Yao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Transmuted isotopes doped in neutron-irradiated ZnO thin films were first identified on the basis of nuclear reactions of ZnO with thermal neutrons, and their existence in the ZnO thin films was then confirmed by photoluminescence (PL). ZnO thin films were irradiated by neutron beams at room temperature. The ZnO films consist of eight constituent (Zn and O) isotopes, of which four isotopes are transmutable by neutron-irradiation; 64Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn and 18O were expected to be transmuted into 65Cu, 69Ga, 71Ga and 19F, respectively. The concentrations of these transmuted isotopes were estimated in this study. The neutron-irradiated ZnO thin films were characterized by PL. In the PL spectra, the Cu-related PL peaks were observed, but the Ga- or F-associated PL peaks were absent. This observation confirms the existence of 65Cu in the ZnO and does not the formation of the other three. The reason for the absence of the Ga- or F-associated PL peaks is discussed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-434
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume217
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 May 1

Fingerprint

Isotopes
Photoluminescence
Neutrons
isotopes
photoluminescence
neutrons
Thin films
thin films
Neutron beams
Nuclear reactions
Neutron irradiation
neutron beams
neutron irradiation
thermal neutrons
nuclear reactions
room temperature
Temperature

Keywords

  • Capture cross section
  • Isotope
  • Neutron-transmutation-doping
  • Photoluminescence
  • ZnO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Instrumentation
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Transmuted isotopes doped in neutron-irradiated ZnO thin films. / Kim, Hyunsuk; Park, Kwangsue; Min, Byungdon; Lee, Jong Soo; Cho, Kyoungah; Kim, Sangsig; Han, Hyon Soo; Hong, Soon Ku; Yao, Takafumi.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 217, No. 3, 01.05.2004, p. 429-434.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Hyunsuk ; Park, Kwangsue ; Min, Byungdon ; Lee, Jong Soo ; Cho, Kyoungah ; Kim, Sangsig ; Han, Hyon Soo ; Hong, Soon Ku ; Yao, Takafumi. / Transmuted isotopes doped in neutron-irradiated ZnO thin films. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 2004 ; Vol. 217, No. 3. pp. 429-434.
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