Transoral Endoscopic Thyroidectomy Vestibular Approach (TOETVA): From A to Z

Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Matteo Lavazza, Alessandro Bacuzzi, Davide Inversini, Vincenzo Pappalardo, Ralph P. Tufano, Hoon Yub Kim, Angkoon Anuwong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)


We depict the transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA). Patient selection criteria are (1) ultrasonographically (US) estimated thyroid diameter no larger than 10cm, (2) US estimated gland volume ≥45mL, (3) nodule size ≥5mm, (4) a benign tumor, such as a thyroid cyst, single-nodular goiter, or multinodular goiter, (5) follicular neoplasm, and (6) papillary microcarcinoma without evidence of metastasis. TOETVA is carried out through a three-port technique placed at the oral vestibule, one 10mm port for 30° endoscope and two additional 5mm ports for dissecting and coagulating instruments. CO2 insufflation pressure is set at 6mmHg. An anterior cervical subplatysmal space is created from the oral vestibule down to the sternal notch, laterally to the sternocleidomastoid muscles bilaterally. Thyroidectomy is done fully endoscopically using conventional endoscopic instruments. Intraoperative neuromonitoring is used for identification and dissecting and monitoring both the superior and inferior laryngeal nerves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalSurgical technology international
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Dionigi, G., Lavazza, M., Bacuzzi, A., Inversini, D., Pappalardo, V., Tufano, R. P., Kim, H. Y., & Anuwong, A. (2017). Transoral Endoscopic Thyroidectomy Vestibular Approach (TOETVA): From A to Z. Surgical technology international, 30, 103-112.