Treatment of medical radioactive liquid waste using Forward Osmosis (FO) membrane process

Songbok Lee, Youngjin Kim, Jungmi Park, Ho Kyong Shon, Seungkwan Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of forward osmosis (FO) for concentrating radioactive liquid waste from radiation therapy rooms in hospitals was systematically investigated in this study. The removal of natural and radioactive iodine using FO was first investigated with varying pHs and draw solutions (DSs) to identify the optimal conditions for FO concentration. Results showed that FO had a successful rejection rate for both natural and radioactive iodine (125I) of up to 99.3%. This high rejection rate was achieved at a high pH, mainly due to electric repulsion between iodine and membrane. Higher iodine removal by FO was also attained with a DS that exhibits a reverse salt flux (RSF) adequate to hinder iodine transport. Following this, actual radioactive medical liquid waste was collected and concentrated using FO under these optimal conditions. The radionuclides in the medical waste (131I) were removed effectively, but the water recovery rate was limited due to severe membrane fouling. To enhance the recovery rate, hydraulic washing was applied, but this had only limited success due to combined organic-inorganic fouling of the FO membrane. Finally, the effect of FO concentration on the reduction of septic tank volume was simulated as a function of recovery rate. To our knowledge, this study is the first attempt to explore the potential of FO technology for treating radioactive waste, and thus could be expanded to the dewatering of the radioactive liquid wastes from a variety of sources, such as nuclear power plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-247
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume556
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 15

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Forward Osmosis
  • Membrane fouling
  • Radioactive iodine
  • Radioactive liquid waste
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this