Aims: To evaluate the efficacy and treatment satisfaction with low-dose (0.2 mg) tamsulosin in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and to investigate individual lower urinary tract symptoms according to treatment satisfaction. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a total sample of 2574 patients from multiple centres. International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), prostate volume, uroflowmetry and combined medications were reviewed. Detailed questionnaires were used to assess treatment satisfaction and IPSS 8 weeks after treatment with low-dose tamsulosin. Results: After 8 weeks of treatment with low-dose tamsulosin, IPSS improved significantly. Among the 2574 patients, 1,630 (63.42%) were satisfied and 940 patients (36.50%) were dissatisfied with low-dose tamsulosin. The reasons for dissatisfaction included efficacy problems (84.66%) and side effects (3.72%). Treatment satisfaction was affected by symptom duration, baseline IPSS, and prostate size (p = 0.0441, < 0.001, < 0.009, respectively). IPSS voiding (IPSS-V) and IPSS storage (IPSS-S) after treatment differed significantly depending on the degree of satisfaction (p < 0.001). IPSS-V after treatment did not improve in patients who were 'not satisfied' or 'totally not satisfied' (p = 0.170, 0.240, respectively). All the individual IPSS items except urgency (p = 0.1436) varied significantly with the degree of satisfaction (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Treating symptomatic BPH with low-dose tamsulosin improved IPSS, but more than one-third of patients were dissatisfied with the treatment. The main reason for dissatisfaction was efficacy problems, and the degree of satisfaction was related to symptom duration, baseline IPSS, and prostate size, and also to IPSS-V. In patients with severe LUTS, the tamsulosin dose should be increased earlier.
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