Trends in the incidence and prevalence of Parkinson's disease in Korea: a nationwide, population-based study

Joo Hyun Park, Do Hoon Kim, Do Young Kwon, Moonyoung Choi, Shinhye Kim, Jin Hyung Jung, Kyungdo Han, Yong Gyu Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The lack of adequate and detailed epidemiological data of Parkinson's disease (PD), especially in Asia, is a barrier to future disease burdens and the prospect of effective public health plans. This study aimed to investigate temporal trends in the incidence and prevalence of PD in South Korea from 2010 to 2015, based on uniform diagnostic criteria. METHODS: This study examined all PD patients registered in a South Korean national registry database of more than 50 million individuals. We analyzed the incidence and prevalence of PD according to age, gender, and region. RESULTS: The annual incidence of PD was between 22.4-27.8 cases per 100,000 individuals. During the 6-year study period, there were 73,726 new PD patients, 42.3% of whom were men. The standardized incidence of PD increased over time in men but remained constant in women until 2013 but began to increase in 2014. The female-to-male ratio in the incidence of PD was 1.4:1 while the female-to-male ratio in the prevalence of PD was 1.6:1. The age- and gender-standardized prevalence of PD increased from 115.9 cases per 100,000 individuals in 2010 to 139.8 cases per 100,000 individuals in 2015. From 2014, the incidence and prevalence of PD peaked in individuals aged between 80 and 89 years in both men and women. Regional analysis also showed an increased prevalence of PD in all regions of Korea. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence and prevalence of PD in Korea were higher in women and increased gradually from 2010 to 2015. The findings may contribute to epidemiological studies of PD in Asia, and may provide clues on risk factors for PD.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalBMC geriatrics
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 21

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Incidence
  • Neurodegenerative disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this