The rate of success of transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy for osteonecrosis of the femoral head may be improved if patients are preselected using MRI. We have used three criteria for selection for osteotomy (i) minor collapse of the infarcted area, loss of congruity or the crescent sign, without narrowing of the joint space or acetabular involvement (ii) patients younger than 55 years and with a painful hip (iii) patients with an intact area constituting an arc of more than 120° between the central vertical line of the femoral head and the posterior or anterior margin of the necrotic portion as seen on a midsagittal MRI. Seventeen patients were selected, with a follow-up of more than 42 months. A bone scan four weeks after operation showed adequate perfusion of the proximal segment in all hips. The hip score of Merle d'Aubigné et al improved from 13.5 points before operation to 17.2 points at the latest follow-up. Further collapse of the femoral head did not occur. The use of MRI instead of plain radiographs for the selection of patients has improved the success rate of transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine