Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Database and metrics data of global surface ozone observations

Martin G. Schultz, Sabine Schröder, Olga Lyapina, Owen R. Cooper, Ian Galbally, Irina Petropavlovskikh, Erika Von Schneidemesser, Hiroshi Tanimoto, Yasin Elshorbany, Manish Naja, Rodrigo J. Seguel, Ute Dauert, Paul Eckhardt, Stefan Feigenspan, Markus Fiebig, Anne Gunn Hjellbrekke, You Deog Hong, Peter Christian Kjeld, Hiroshi Koide, Gary LearDavid Tarasick, Mikio Ueno, Markus Wallasch, Darrel Baumgardner, Ming Tung Chuang, Robert Gillett, Meehye Lee, Suzie Molloy, Raeesa Moolla, Tao Wang, Katrina Sharps, Jose A. Adame, Gerard Ancellet, Francesco Apadula, Paulo Artaxo, Maria E. Barlasina, Magdalena Bogucka, Paolo Bonasoni, Limseok Chang, Aurelie Colomb, Emilio Cuevas-Agulló, Manuel Cupeiro, Anna Degorska, Aijun Ding, Marina Fröhlich, Marina Frolova, Harish Gadhavi, Francois Gheusi, Stefan Gilge, Margarita Y. Gonzalez, Valerie Gros, Samera H. Hamad, Detlev Helmig, Diamantino Henriques, Ove Hermansen, Robert Holla, Jacques Hueber, Ulas Im, Daniel A. Jaffe, Ninong Komala, Dagmar Kubistin, Ka Se Lam, Tuomas Laurila, Haeyoung Lee, Ilan Levy, Claudio Mazzoleni, Lynn R. Mazzoleni, Audra McClure-Begley, Maznorizan Mohamad, Marijana Murovec, Monica Navarro-Comas, Florin Nicodim, David Parrish, Katie A. Read, Nick Reid, Ludwig Ries, Pallavi Saxena, James J. Schwab, Yvonne Scorgie, Irina Senik, Peter Simmonds, Vinayak Sinha, Andrey I. Skorokhod, Gerard Spain, Wolfgang Spangl, Ronald Spoor, Stephen R. Springston, Kelvyn Steer, Martin Steinbacher, Eka Suharguniyawan, Paul Torre, Thomas Trickl, Lin Weili, Rolf Weller, Xu Xiaobin, Likun Xue, Ma Zhiqiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In support of the first Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR) a relational database of global surface ozone observations has been developed and populated with hourly measurement data and enhanced metadata. A comprehensive suite of ozone data products including standard statistics, health and vegetation impact metrics, and trend information, are made available through a common data portal and a web interface. These data form the basis of the TOAR analyses focusing on human health, vegetation, and climate relevant ozone issues, which are part of this special feature. Cooperation among many data centers and individual researchers worldwide made it possible to build the world’s largest collection of in-situ hourly surface ozone data covering the period from 1970 to 2015. By combining the data from almost 10,000 measurement sites around the world with global metadata information, new analyses of surface ozone have become possible, such as the first globally consistent characterisations of measurement sites as either urban or rural/remote. Exploitation of these global metadata allows for new insights into the global distribution, and seasonal and long-term changes of tropospheric ozone and they enable TOAR to perform the first, globally consistent analysis of present-day ozone concentrations and recent ozone changes with relevance to health, agriculture, and climate. Considerable effort was made to harmonize and synthesize data formats and metadata information from various networks and individual data submissions. Extensive quality control was applied to identify questionable and erroneous data, including changes in apparent instrument offsets or calibrations. Such data were excluded from TOAR data products. Limitations of a posteriori data quality assurance are discussed. As a result of the work presented here, global coverage of surface ozone data for scientific analysis has been significantly extended. Yet, large gaps remain in the surface observation network both in terms of regions without monitoring, and in terms of regions that have monitoring programs but no public access to the data archive. Therefore future improvements to the database will require not only improved data harmonization, but also expanded data sharing and increased monitoring in data-sparse regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number58
JournalElementa
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Ozone
ozone
Metadata
metadata
Health
tropospheric ozone
Monitoring
monitoring
public access
Quality assurance
World Wide Web
Agriculture
vegetation
Quality control
climate
long-term change
data quality
quality control
Statistics
Calibration

Keywords

  • Database
  • Ground-level ozone
  • Monitoring
  • Tropospheric ozone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Schultz, M. G., Schröder, S., Lyapina, O., Cooper, O. R., Galbally, I., Petropavlovskikh, I., ... Zhiqiang, M. (2017). Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Database and metrics data of global surface ozone observations. Elementa, 5, [58]. https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.244

Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report : Database and metrics data of global surface ozone observations. / Schultz, Martin G.; Schröder, Sabine; Lyapina, Olga; Cooper, Owen R.; Galbally, Ian; Petropavlovskikh, Irina; Von Schneidemesser, Erika; Tanimoto, Hiroshi; Elshorbany, Yasin; Naja, Manish; Seguel, Rodrigo J.; Dauert, Ute; Eckhardt, Paul; Feigenspan, Stefan; Fiebig, Markus; Hjellbrekke, Anne Gunn; Hong, You Deog; Kjeld, Peter Christian; Koide, Hiroshi; Lear, Gary; Tarasick, David; Ueno, Mikio; Wallasch, Markus; Baumgardner, Darrel; Chuang, Ming Tung; Gillett, Robert; Lee, Meehye; Molloy, Suzie; Moolla, Raeesa; Wang, Tao; Sharps, Katrina; Adame, Jose A.; Ancellet, Gerard; Apadula, Francesco; Artaxo, Paulo; Barlasina, Maria E.; Bogucka, Magdalena; Bonasoni, Paolo; Chang, Limseok; Colomb, Aurelie; Cuevas-Agulló, Emilio; Cupeiro, Manuel; Degorska, Anna; Ding, Aijun; Fröhlich, Marina; Frolova, Marina; Gadhavi, Harish; Gheusi, Francois; Gilge, Stefan; Gonzalez, Margarita Y.; Gros, Valerie; Hamad, Samera H.; Helmig, Detlev; Henriques, Diamantino; Hermansen, Ove; Holla, Robert; Hueber, Jacques; Im, Ulas; Jaffe, Daniel A.; Komala, Ninong; Kubistin, Dagmar; Lam, Ka Se; Laurila, Tuomas; Lee, Haeyoung; Levy, Ilan; Mazzoleni, Claudio; Mazzoleni, Lynn R.; McClure-Begley, Audra; Mohamad, Maznorizan; Murovec, Marijana; Navarro-Comas, Monica; Nicodim, Florin; Parrish, David; Read, Katie A.; Reid, Nick; Ries, Ludwig; Saxena, Pallavi; Schwab, James J.; Scorgie, Yvonne; Senik, Irina; Simmonds, Peter; Sinha, Vinayak; Skorokhod, Andrey I.; Spain, Gerard; Spangl, Wolfgang; Spoor, Ronald; Springston, Stephen R.; Steer, Kelvyn; Steinbacher, Martin; Suharguniyawan, Eka; Torre, Paul; Trickl, Thomas; Weili, Lin; Weller, Rolf; Xiaobin, Xu; Xue, Likun; Zhiqiang, Ma.

In: Elementa, Vol. 5, 58, 01.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schultz, MG, Schröder, S, Lyapina, O, Cooper, OR, Galbally, I, Petropavlovskikh, I, Von Schneidemesser, E, Tanimoto, H, Elshorbany, Y, Naja, M, Seguel, RJ, Dauert, U, Eckhardt, P, Feigenspan, S, Fiebig, M, Hjellbrekke, AG, Hong, YD, Kjeld, PC, Koide, H, Lear, G, Tarasick, D, Ueno, M, Wallasch, M, Baumgardner, D, Chuang, MT, Gillett, R, Lee, M, Molloy, S, Moolla, R, Wang, T, Sharps, K, Adame, JA, Ancellet, G, Apadula, F, Artaxo, P, Barlasina, ME, Bogucka, M, Bonasoni, P, Chang, L, Colomb, A, Cuevas-Agulló, E, Cupeiro, M, Degorska, A, Ding, A, Fröhlich, M, Frolova, M, Gadhavi, H, Gheusi, F, Gilge, S, Gonzalez, MY, Gros, V, Hamad, SH, Helmig, D, Henriques, D, Hermansen, O, Holla, R, Hueber, J, Im, U, Jaffe, DA, Komala, N, Kubistin, D, Lam, KS, Laurila, T, Lee, H, Levy, I, Mazzoleni, C, Mazzoleni, LR, McClure-Begley, A, Mohamad, M, Murovec, M, Navarro-Comas, M, Nicodim, F, Parrish, D, Read, KA, Reid, N, Ries, L, Saxena, P, Schwab, JJ, Scorgie, Y, Senik, I, Simmonds, P, Sinha, V, Skorokhod, AI, Spain, G, Spangl, W, Spoor, R, Springston, SR, Steer, K, Steinbacher, M, Suharguniyawan, E, Torre, P, Trickl, T, Weili, L, Weller, R, Xiaobin, X, Xue, L & Zhiqiang, M 2017, 'Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Database and metrics data of global surface ozone observations', Elementa, vol. 5, 58. https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.244
Schultz MG, Schröder S, Lyapina O, Cooper OR, Galbally I, Petropavlovskikh I et al. Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Database and metrics data of global surface ozone observations. Elementa. 2017 Jan 1;5. 58. https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.244
Schultz, Martin G. ; Schröder, Sabine ; Lyapina, Olga ; Cooper, Owen R. ; Galbally, Ian ; Petropavlovskikh, Irina ; Von Schneidemesser, Erika ; Tanimoto, Hiroshi ; Elshorbany, Yasin ; Naja, Manish ; Seguel, Rodrigo J. ; Dauert, Ute ; Eckhardt, Paul ; Feigenspan, Stefan ; Fiebig, Markus ; Hjellbrekke, Anne Gunn ; Hong, You Deog ; Kjeld, Peter Christian ; Koide, Hiroshi ; Lear, Gary ; Tarasick, David ; Ueno, Mikio ; Wallasch, Markus ; Baumgardner, Darrel ; Chuang, Ming Tung ; Gillett, Robert ; Lee, Meehye ; Molloy, Suzie ; Moolla, Raeesa ; Wang, Tao ; Sharps, Katrina ; Adame, Jose A. ; Ancellet, Gerard ; Apadula, Francesco ; Artaxo, Paulo ; Barlasina, Maria E. ; Bogucka, Magdalena ; Bonasoni, Paolo ; Chang, Limseok ; Colomb, Aurelie ; Cuevas-Agulló, Emilio ; Cupeiro, Manuel ; Degorska, Anna ; Ding, Aijun ; Fröhlich, Marina ; Frolova, Marina ; Gadhavi, Harish ; Gheusi, Francois ; Gilge, Stefan ; Gonzalez, Margarita Y. ; Gros, Valerie ; Hamad, Samera H. ; Helmig, Detlev ; Henriques, Diamantino ; Hermansen, Ove ; Holla, Robert ; Hueber, Jacques ; Im, Ulas ; Jaffe, Daniel A. ; Komala, Ninong ; Kubistin, Dagmar ; Lam, Ka Se ; Laurila, Tuomas ; Lee, Haeyoung ; Levy, Ilan ; Mazzoleni, Claudio ; Mazzoleni, Lynn R. ; McClure-Begley, Audra ; Mohamad, Maznorizan ; Murovec, Marijana ; Navarro-Comas, Monica ; Nicodim, Florin ; Parrish, David ; Read, Katie A. ; Reid, Nick ; Ries, Ludwig ; Saxena, Pallavi ; Schwab, James J. ; Scorgie, Yvonne ; Senik, Irina ; Simmonds, Peter ; Sinha, Vinayak ; Skorokhod, Andrey I. ; Spain, Gerard ; Spangl, Wolfgang ; Spoor, Ronald ; Springston, Stephen R. ; Steer, Kelvyn ; Steinbacher, Martin ; Suharguniyawan, Eka ; Torre, Paul ; Trickl, Thomas ; Weili, Lin ; Weller, Rolf ; Xiaobin, Xu ; Xue, Likun ; Zhiqiang, Ma. / Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report : Database and metrics data of global surface ozone observations. In: Elementa. 2017 ; Vol. 5.
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abstract = "In support of the first Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR) a relational database of global surface ozone observations has been developed and populated with hourly measurement data and enhanced metadata. A comprehensive suite of ozone data products including standard statistics, health and vegetation impact metrics, and trend information, are made available through a common data portal and a web interface. These data form the basis of the TOAR analyses focusing on human health, vegetation, and climate relevant ozone issues, which are part of this special feature. Cooperation among many data centers and individual researchers worldwide made it possible to build the world’s largest collection of in-situ hourly surface ozone data covering the period from 1970 to 2015. By combining the data from almost 10,000 measurement sites around the world with global metadata information, new analyses of surface ozone have become possible, such as the first globally consistent characterisations of measurement sites as either urban or rural/remote. Exploitation of these global metadata allows for new insights into the global distribution, and seasonal and long-term changes of tropospheric ozone and they enable TOAR to perform the first, globally consistent analysis of present-day ozone concentrations and recent ozone changes with relevance to health, agriculture, and climate. Considerable effort was made to harmonize and synthesize data formats and metadata information from various networks and individual data submissions. Extensive quality control was applied to identify questionable and erroneous data, including changes in apparent instrument offsets or calibrations. Such data were excluded from TOAR data products. Limitations of a posteriori data quality assurance are discussed. As a result of the work presented here, global coverage of surface ozone data for scientific analysis has been significantly extended. Yet, large gaps remain in the surface observation network both in terms of regions without monitoring, and in terms of regions that have monitoring programs but no public access to the data archive. Therefore future improvements to the database will require not only improved data harmonization, but also expanded data sharing and increased monitoring in data-sparse regions.",
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T1 - Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report

T2 - Database and metrics data of global surface ozone observations

AU - Schultz, Martin G.

AU - Schröder, Sabine

AU - Lyapina, Olga

AU - Cooper, Owen R.

AU - Galbally, Ian

AU - Petropavlovskikh, Irina

AU - Von Schneidemesser, Erika

AU - Tanimoto, Hiroshi

AU - Elshorbany, Yasin

AU - Naja, Manish

AU - Seguel, Rodrigo J.

AU - Dauert, Ute

AU - Eckhardt, Paul

AU - Feigenspan, Stefan

AU - Fiebig, Markus

AU - Hjellbrekke, Anne Gunn

AU - Hong, You Deog

AU - Kjeld, Peter Christian

AU - Koide, Hiroshi

AU - Lear, Gary

AU - Tarasick, David

AU - Ueno, Mikio

AU - Wallasch, Markus

AU - Baumgardner, Darrel

AU - Chuang, Ming Tung

AU - Gillett, Robert

AU - Lee, Meehye

AU - Molloy, Suzie

AU - Moolla, Raeesa

AU - Wang, Tao

AU - Sharps, Katrina

AU - Adame, Jose A.

AU - Ancellet, Gerard

AU - Apadula, Francesco

AU - Artaxo, Paulo

AU - Barlasina, Maria E.

AU - Bogucka, Magdalena

AU - Bonasoni, Paolo

AU - Chang, Limseok

AU - Colomb, Aurelie

AU - Cuevas-Agulló, Emilio

AU - Cupeiro, Manuel

AU - Degorska, Anna

AU - Ding, Aijun

AU - Fröhlich, Marina

AU - Frolova, Marina

AU - Gadhavi, Harish

AU - Gheusi, Francois

AU - Gilge, Stefan

AU - Gonzalez, Margarita Y.

AU - Gros, Valerie

AU - Hamad, Samera H.

AU - Helmig, Detlev

AU - Henriques, Diamantino

AU - Hermansen, Ove

AU - Holla, Robert

AU - Hueber, Jacques

AU - Im, Ulas

AU - Jaffe, Daniel A.

AU - Komala, Ninong

AU - Kubistin, Dagmar

AU - Lam, Ka Se

AU - Laurila, Tuomas

AU - Lee, Haeyoung

AU - Levy, Ilan

AU - Mazzoleni, Claudio

AU - Mazzoleni, Lynn R.

AU - McClure-Begley, Audra

AU - Mohamad, Maznorizan

AU - Murovec, Marijana

AU - Navarro-Comas, Monica

AU - Nicodim, Florin

AU - Parrish, David

AU - Read, Katie A.

AU - Reid, Nick

AU - Ries, Ludwig

AU - Saxena, Pallavi

AU - Schwab, James J.

AU - Scorgie, Yvonne

AU - Senik, Irina

AU - Simmonds, Peter

AU - Sinha, Vinayak

AU - Skorokhod, Andrey I.

AU - Spain, Gerard

AU - Spangl, Wolfgang

AU - Spoor, Ronald

AU - Springston, Stephen R.

AU - Steer, Kelvyn

AU - Steinbacher, Martin

AU - Suharguniyawan, Eka

AU - Torre, Paul

AU - Trickl, Thomas

AU - Weili, Lin

AU - Weller, Rolf

AU - Xiaobin, Xu

AU - Xue, Likun

AU - Zhiqiang, Ma

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - In support of the first Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR) a relational database of global surface ozone observations has been developed and populated with hourly measurement data and enhanced metadata. A comprehensive suite of ozone data products including standard statistics, health and vegetation impact metrics, and trend information, are made available through a common data portal and a web interface. These data form the basis of the TOAR analyses focusing on human health, vegetation, and climate relevant ozone issues, which are part of this special feature. Cooperation among many data centers and individual researchers worldwide made it possible to build the world’s largest collection of in-situ hourly surface ozone data covering the period from 1970 to 2015. By combining the data from almost 10,000 measurement sites around the world with global metadata information, new analyses of surface ozone have become possible, such as the first globally consistent characterisations of measurement sites as either urban or rural/remote. Exploitation of these global metadata allows for new insights into the global distribution, and seasonal and long-term changes of tropospheric ozone and they enable TOAR to perform the first, globally consistent analysis of present-day ozone concentrations and recent ozone changes with relevance to health, agriculture, and climate. Considerable effort was made to harmonize and synthesize data formats and metadata information from various networks and individual data submissions. Extensive quality control was applied to identify questionable and erroneous data, including changes in apparent instrument offsets or calibrations. Such data were excluded from TOAR data products. Limitations of a posteriori data quality assurance are discussed. As a result of the work presented here, global coverage of surface ozone data for scientific analysis has been significantly extended. Yet, large gaps remain in the surface observation network both in terms of regions without monitoring, and in terms of regions that have monitoring programs but no public access to the data archive. Therefore future improvements to the database will require not only improved data harmonization, but also expanded data sharing and increased monitoring in data-sparse regions.

AB - In support of the first Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR) a relational database of global surface ozone observations has been developed and populated with hourly measurement data and enhanced metadata. A comprehensive suite of ozone data products including standard statistics, health and vegetation impact metrics, and trend information, are made available through a common data portal and a web interface. These data form the basis of the TOAR analyses focusing on human health, vegetation, and climate relevant ozone issues, which are part of this special feature. Cooperation among many data centers and individual researchers worldwide made it possible to build the world’s largest collection of in-situ hourly surface ozone data covering the period from 1970 to 2015. By combining the data from almost 10,000 measurement sites around the world with global metadata information, new analyses of surface ozone have become possible, such as the first globally consistent characterisations of measurement sites as either urban or rural/remote. Exploitation of these global metadata allows for new insights into the global distribution, and seasonal and long-term changes of tropospheric ozone and they enable TOAR to perform the first, globally consistent analysis of present-day ozone concentrations and recent ozone changes with relevance to health, agriculture, and climate. Considerable effort was made to harmonize and synthesize data formats and metadata information from various networks and individual data submissions. Extensive quality control was applied to identify questionable and erroneous data, including changes in apparent instrument offsets or calibrations. Such data were excluded from TOAR data products. Limitations of a posteriori data quality assurance are discussed. As a result of the work presented here, global coverage of surface ozone data for scientific analysis has been significantly extended. Yet, large gaps remain in the surface observation network both in terms of regions without monitoring, and in terms of regions that have monitoring programs but no public access to the data archive. Therefore future improvements to the database will require not only improved data harmonization, but also expanded data sharing and increased monitoring in data-sparse regions.

KW - Database

KW - Ground-level ozone

KW - Monitoring

KW - Tropospheric ozone

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