Elevated T-helper type 2 cytokines in atopic skin, such as IL-4 and IL-13, were thought to be responsible for an impaired expression of antimicrobial proteins, which may contribute to the increased susceptibility to skin infections in patients with atopic dermatitis. In this study, the relationship between thymic stromal lymphopoietin and antimicrobial proteins and the involved molecular pathway was defined in normal human epidermal keratinocytes and human skin equivalent model. Stimulation of normal human epidermal keratinocytes with thymic stromal lymphopoietin decreased both mRNA and levels of S100A7 and human β-defensin 2 in a dose-dependent manner, and the regulation was JAK2/STAT3-dependent. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin decreased the antimicrobial protein expression, even in the presence of IL-17, which is their strong inducer. STAT3 directly regulated the S100A7 and human β-defensin 2 promoters in normal human epidermal keratinocytes. Immunohistochemically, lesional atopic skin stained more intensely with phospho-STAT3 compared with healthy control. Our results show that up-regulated thymic stromal lymphopoietin may contribute to the deficiency of antimicrobial proteins in atopic dermatitis, including S100A7 and human β-defensin 2, by a JAK2/STAT3-dependent mechanism and that STAT3/Sin3a might directly control the transcriptional activity of the antimicrobial protein promoters in normal human epidermal keratinocytes. Taken together, a key role of the JAK2/STAT3/Sin3a signaling pathway in thymic stromal lymphopoietin-mediated immune response in normal human epidermal keratinocytes might give us clues to understanding the pathological signal transductions in atopic dermatitis.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Investigative Dermatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Dec 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology