There is considerable interest in uncovering the pathway of amyloid formation because the toxic properties of amyloid likely stems from prefibril intermediates and not the fully formed fibrils. Using a recently invented method of collecting 2-dimensional infrared spectra and site-specific isotope labeling, we have measured the development of secondary structures for 6 residues during the aggregation process of the 37-residue polypeptide associated with type 2 diabetes, the human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP). By monitoring the kinetics at 6 different labeled sites, we find that the peptides initially develop well-ordered structure in the region of the chain that is close to the ordered loop of the fibrils, followed by formation of the 2 parallel β-sheets with the N-terminal β-sheet likely forming before the C-terminal sheet. This experimental approach provides a detailed view of the aggregation pathway of hIAPP fibril formation as well as a general methodology for studying other amyloid forming proteins without the use of structure-perturbing labels.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Apr 21|
- Human islet amyloid polypeptide
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