Two-phase flow of R-22 through short-tube orifices

Y. Kim, D. L. O'Neal

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Measurements were made on short-tube orifices with 5 < L/D < 20 for Refrigerant-22 in a 3/8-inch (9.53-mm) refrigerant line. Data were collected for upstream pressures ranging from 210 to 291 psia (1,448 to 2,006 kPa) and for qualities as high as 10% and subcoolings as high as 25°F (13.9°C). A mass flow model and flow charts were developed by empirically correcting the modified single-phase orifice equation to satisfy the short-tube orifice flow. The data and conditions extend beyond the range of and are presented in a format similar to a study by Aaron and Domanski (1990). For normal heat pump operating conditions, the mass flow rate was dependent on upstream pressure and upstream subcooling, but it was insensitive to downstream pressure due to approximate choking. As found in previous investigations, the mass flow rate was also dependent on cross-sectional area, chamfer depth, and short-tube length. For two-phase flow entering the short tube, the flow rate decreased with increasing quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-334
Number of pages12
JournalASHRAE Transactions
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the ASHRAE Winter Meeting - New Orleans, LA, USA
Duration: 1994 Jan 231994 Jan 26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Two-phase flow of R-22 through short-tube orifices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this