Two-stage removal of nitrate from groundwater using biological and chemical treatments

Pudukadu Munusamy Ayyasamy, Kuppusamy Shanthi, Perumalsamy Lakshmanaperumalsamy, Soon-Jae Lee, Nag Choul Choi, Dong Ju Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we attempted to treat groundwater contaminated with nitrate using a two-stage removal system: one is biological treatment using the nitrate-degrading bacteria Pseudomonas sp. RS-7 and the other is chemical treatment using a coagulant. For the biological system, the effect of carbon sources on nitrate removal was first investigated using mineral salt medium (MSM) containing 500 mg l-1 nitrate to select the most effective carbon source. Among three carbon sources, namely, glucose, starch and cellulose, starch at 1% was found to be the most effective. Thus, starch was used as a representative carbon source for the remaining part of the biological treatment where nitrate removal was carried out for MSM solution and groundwater samples containing 500 mg l-1 and 460 mg l-1 nitrate, respectively. About 86% and 89% of nitrate were removed from the MSM solution and groundwater samples, respectively at 72 h. Chemical coagulants such as alum, lime and poly aluminium chloride were tested for the removal of nitrate remaining in the samples. Among the coagulants, lime at 150 mg l-1 exhibited the highest nitrate removal efficiency with complete disappearance for the MSM solutions. Thus, a combined system of biological and chemical treatments was found to be more effective for the complete removal of nitrate from groundwater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume104
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Groundwater
Nitrates
Coagulants
Minerals
Carbon
Salts
Starch
Lime
Aluminum chloride
Biological systems
Pseudomonas
Cellulose
Glucose
Bacteria

Keywords

  • chemical coagulants
  • groundwater
  • lime
  • nitrate removal
  • Pseudomonas sp. RS-7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Two-stage removal of nitrate from groundwater using biological and chemical treatments. / Ayyasamy, Pudukadu Munusamy; Shanthi, Kuppusamy; Lakshmanaperumalsamy, Perumalsamy; Lee, Soon-Jae; Choi, Nag Choul; Kim, Dong Ju.

In: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol. 104, No. 2, 01.08.2007, p. 129-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ayyasamy, Pudukadu Munusamy ; Shanthi, Kuppusamy ; Lakshmanaperumalsamy, Perumalsamy ; Lee, Soon-Jae ; Choi, Nag Choul ; Kim, Dong Ju. / Two-stage removal of nitrate from groundwater using biological and chemical treatments. In: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. 2007 ; Vol. 104, No. 2. pp. 129-134.
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