Ultrafast two-dimensional (2D) infrared vibrational echo experiments and theory are used to examine chemical exchange between solute-solvent complexes and the free solute for the solute phenol and three solvent complex partners, p-xylene, benzene, and bromobenzene, in mixed solvents of the partner and CCl4. The experiments measure the time evolution of the 2D spectra of the hydroxyl (OD) stretching mode of the phenol. The time-dependent 2D spectra are analyzed using time-dependent diagrammatic perturbation theory with a model that includes the chemical exchange (formation and dissociation of the complexes), spectral diffusion of both the complex and the free phenol, orientational relaxation of the complexes and free phenol, and the vibrational lifetimes. The detailed calculations are able to reproduce the experimental results and demonstrate that a method employed previously that used a kinetic model for the volumes of the peaks is adequate to extract the exchange kinetics. The current analysis also yields the spectral diffusion (time evolution of the dynamic line widths) and shows that the spectral diffusion is significantly different for phenol complexes and free phenol.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry