Ultrasound evaluation of normal and abnormal fetuses: Comparison of conventional, tissue harmonic, and pulse-inversion harmonic imaging techniques

Jeong Ah Ryu, Bohyun Kim, Sooah Kim, Soon Ha Yang, Moon Hae Choi, Hyeong Sik Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To determine the usefulness of tissue harmonic imaging (THI) and pulse-inversion harmonic imaging (PIHI) in the evaluation of normal and abnormal fetuses. Materials and Methods: Forty-one pregnant women who bore a total of 31 normal and ten abnormal fetuses underwent conventional ultrasonography (CUS), and then THI and PIHI. US images of six organ systems, namely the brain, spine, heart, abdomen, extremities and face were compared between the three techniques in terms of overall conspicuity and the definition of borders and internal structures. Results: For the brain, heart, abdomen and face, overall conspicuity at THI and PIHI was significantly better than at CUS (p < 0.05). There was, though, no significant difference between THI and PIHI. Affected organs in abnormal fetuses were more clearly depicted at THI and PIHI than at CUS. Conclusion: Both THI and PIHI appear to be superior to CUS for the evaluation of normal or abnormal structures, particularly the brain, heart, abdomen and face.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-190
Number of pages7
JournalKorean Journal of Radiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jul 1



  • Fetus, US
  • Pulse-inversion harmonic imaging, US
  • Tissue harmonic imaging, US

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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