Unconventional Three-Armed Luminogens Exhibiting Both Aggregation-Induced Emission and Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Resulting in High-Performing Solution-Processed Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

Seo Yeon Park, Suna Choi, Gi Eun Park, Hyung Jong Kim, Chiho Lee, Ji Su Moon, Si Woo Kim, Sungnam Park, Jang Hyuk Kwon, Min Ju Cho, Dong Hoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, three-armed luminogens IAcTr-out and IAcTr-in were synthesized and used as emitters bearing triazine and indenoacridine moieties in thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). These molecules could form a uniform thin film via the solution process and also allowed the subsequent deposition of an electron transporting layer either by vacuum deposition or by an all-solution coating method. Intriguingly, the new luminogens displayed aggregation-induced emission (AIE), which is a unique photophysical phenomenon. As a nondoped emitting layer (EML), IAcTr-in showed external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) of 11.8% for the hybrid-solution processed OLED and 10.9% for the all-solution processed OLED with a low efficiency roll-off. This was evident by the higher photoluminescence quantum yield and higher rate constant of reverse intersystem crossing of IAcTr-in, as compared to IAcTr-out. These AIE luminogens were used as dopants and mixed with the well-known host material 1,3-bis(N-carbazolyl)benzene (mCP) to produce a high-efficiency OLED with a two-component EML. The maximum EQE of 17.5% was obtained when using EML with IAcTr-out doping (25 wt %) into mCP, and the OLED with EML bearing IAcTr-in and mCP showed a higher maximum EQE of 18.4% as in the case of the nondoped EML-based device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14966-14977
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 2

Fingerprint

Organic light emitting diodes (OLED)
Agglomeration
Fluorescence
Bearings (structural)
Quantum efficiency
Doping (additives)
Vacuum deposition
Triazines
Quantum yield
Benzene
Rate constants
Photoluminescence
Thin films
Coatings
Molecules
Electrons

Keywords

  • aggregation-induced emission
  • organic light-emitting diodes
  • solution-process
  • thermally activated delayed fluorescence
  • three-armed luminogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Unconventional Three-Armed Luminogens Exhibiting Both Aggregation-Induced Emission and Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Resulting in High-Performing Solution-Processed Organic Light-Emitting Diodes. / Park, Seo Yeon; Choi, Suna; Park, Gi Eun; Kim, Hyung Jong; Lee, Chiho; Moon, Ji Su; Kim, Si Woo; Park, Sungnam; Kwon, Jang Hyuk; Cho, Min Ju; Choi, Dong Hoon.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 10, No. 17, 02.05.2018, p. 14966-14977.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Park, Seo Yeon ; Choi, Suna ; Park, Gi Eun ; Kim, Hyung Jong ; Lee, Chiho ; Moon, Ji Su ; Kim, Si Woo ; Park, Sungnam ; Kwon, Jang Hyuk ; Cho, Min Ju ; Choi, Dong Hoon. / Unconventional Three-Armed Luminogens Exhibiting Both Aggregation-Induced Emission and Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Resulting in High-Performing Solution-Processed Organic Light-Emitting Diodes. In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 17. pp. 14966-14977.
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abstract = "In this work, three-armed luminogens IAcTr-out and IAcTr-in were synthesized and used as emitters bearing triazine and indenoacridine moieties in thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). These molecules could form a uniform thin film via the solution process and also allowed the subsequent deposition of an electron transporting layer either by vacuum deposition or by an all-solution coating method. Intriguingly, the new luminogens displayed aggregation-induced emission (AIE), which is a unique photophysical phenomenon. As a nondoped emitting layer (EML), IAcTr-in showed external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) of 11.8{\%} for the hybrid-solution processed OLED and 10.9{\%} for the all-solution processed OLED with a low efficiency roll-off. This was evident by the higher photoluminescence quantum yield and higher rate constant of reverse intersystem crossing of IAcTr-in, as compared to IAcTr-out. These AIE luminogens were used as dopants and mixed with the well-known host material 1,3-bis(N-carbazolyl)benzene (mCP) to produce a high-efficiency OLED with a two-component EML. The maximum EQE of 17.5{\%} was obtained when using EML with IAcTr-out doping (25 wt {\%}) into mCP, and the OLED with EML bearing IAcTr-in and mCP showed a higher maximum EQE of 18.4{\%} as in the case of the nondoped EML-based device.",
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T1 - Unconventional Three-Armed Luminogens Exhibiting Both Aggregation-Induced Emission and Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Resulting in High-Performing Solution-Processed Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

AU - Park, Seo Yeon

AU - Choi, Suna

AU - Park, Gi Eun

AU - Kim, Hyung Jong

AU - Lee, Chiho

AU - Moon, Ji Su

AU - Kim, Si Woo

AU - Park, Sungnam

AU - Kwon, Jang Hyuk

AU - Cho, Min Ju

AU - Choi, Dong Hoon

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Y1 - 2018/5/2

N2 - In this work, three-armed luminogens IAcTr-out and IAcTr-in were synthesized and used as emitters bearing triazine and indenoacridine moieties in thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). These molecules could form a uniform thin film via the solution process and also allowed the subsequent deposition of an electron transporting layer either by vacuum deposition or by an all-solution coating method. Intriguingly, the new luminogens displayed aggregation-induced emission (AIE), which is a unique photophysical phenomenon. As a nondoped emitting layer (EML), IAcTr-in showed external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) of 11.8% for the hybrid-solution processed OLED and 10.9% for the all-solution processed OLED with a low efficiency roll-off. This was evident by the higher photoluminescence quantum yield and higher rate constant of reverse intersystem crossing of IAcTr-in, as compared to IAcTr-out. These AIE luminogens were used as dopants and mixed with the well-known host material 1,3-bis(N-carbazolyl)benzene (mCP) to produce a high-efficiency OLED with a two-component EML. The maximum EQE of 17.5% was obtained when using EML with IAcTr-out doping (25 wt %) into mCP, and the OLED with EML bearing IAcTr-in and mCP showed a higher maximum EQE of 18.4% as in the case of the nondoped EML-based device.

AB - In this work, three-armed luminogens IAcTr-out and IAcTr-in were synthesized and used as emitters bearing triazine and indenoacridine moieties in thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). These molecules could form a uniform thin film via the solution process and also allowed the subsequent deposition of an electron transporting layer either by vacuum deposition or by an all-solution coating method. Intriguingly, the new luminogens displayed aggregation-induced emission (AIE), which is a unique photophysical phenomenon. As a nondoped emitting layer (EML), IAcTr-in showed external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) of 11.8% for the hybrid-solution processed OLED and 10.9% for the all-solution processed OLED with a low efficiency roll-off. This was evident by the higher photoluminescence quantum yield and higher rate constant of reverse intersystem crossing of IAcTr-in, as compared to IAcTr-out. These AIE luminogens were used as dopants and mixed with the well-known host material 1,3-bis(N-carbazolyl)benzene (mCP) to produce a high-efficiency OLED with a two-component EML. The maximum EQE of 17.5% was obtained when using EML with IAcTr-out doping (25 wt %) into mCP, and the OLED with EML bearing IAcTr-in and mCP showed a higher maximum EQE of 18.4% as in the case of the nondoped EML-based device.

KW - aggregation-induced emission

KW - organic light-emitting diodes

KW - solution-process

KW - thermally activated delayed fluorescence

KW - three-armed luminogen

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