Understanding food choice in adult men

Influence of nutrition knowledge, food beliefs and dietary restraint

Beverly J. Tepper, Young Suk Choi, Rodolfo M. Nayga, Jr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies investigating the influence of nutrition knowledge and attitudes and beliefs on food choice of consumers have not measured restrained eating. The present study examined the effects of restrained eating, nutrition knowledge, beliefs about selected foods and demographic variables on self-reported food choice using a convenience sample of 137 adult males from the local community. The foods were grouped into general categories and the results were analyzed using logistic regression. Logistic regression tested the hypothesis that the explanatory variables influenced the decision to consume the various food groups. Results showed that dietary restraint was a consistent predictor of food choice in this population. Restraint score influenced the reported consumption of all food groups except desserts. Subjects with high restraint scores were less likely to consume whole-fat dairy foods and eggs, beef and cured meats, fast foods, fats and oils and regular soda than those with low restraint scores. Those high in restraint were also more likely to consume 'healthy' foods. Other factors, such as living in an urban area, income, age and education, influenced the consumption of several of the food groups, but their impact on the regression models was less consistent than was the impact of restraint. In contrast to previous research, nutrition knowledge and food beliefs played only modest roles in the reported food choices of the subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-317
Number of pages11
JournalFood Quality and Preference
Volume8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

food beliefs
nutrition knowledge
food choices
food groups
Food
ingestion
cured meats
fast foods
desserts
lipids
urban areas
dairy products
education
income
beef
demographic statistics
oils
Eating
Logistic Models
Fats

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Food choice
  • Restrained eating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Understanding food choice in adult men : Influence of nutrition knowledge, food beliefs and dietary restraint. / Tepper, Beverly J.; Choi, Young Suk; Nayga, Jr, Rodolfo M.

In: Food Quality and Preference, Vol. 8, No. 4, 01.07.1997, p. 307-317.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tepper, Beverly J. ; Choi, Young Suk ; Nayga, Jr, Rodolfo M. / Understanding food choice in adult men : Influence of nutrition knowledge, food beliefs and dietary restraint. In: Food Quality and Preference. 1997 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 307-317.
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