Uniform deposition of ternary chalcogenide nanoparticles onto mesoporous TiO2 film using liquid carbon dioxide-based coating

Eduardus Budi Nursanto, Se Jin Park, Hyo Sang Jeon, Yun Jeong Hwang, Jaehoon Kim, Byoung Koun Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We report the simultaneous deposition of two different metal precursors dissolved in liquid carbon dioxide (l-CO2), aiming to the synthesis of ternary chalcopyrite (e.g. CuInS2) nanoparticles on a mesoporous TiO2 film. The l-CO2-based deposition of Cu and In precursors and subsequent reaction with a dilute H2S gas resulted in CuxInySz nanoparticles uniformly deposited across the entire thickness of a mesoporous TiO2 film. Further heat treatment (air annealing and sulfurization) led to the formation of more stoichiometric CuInS2 nanoparticles. The formation of CuInS 2 on TiO2 was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. The crystal growth of CuInS2 was also found to be controllable by adjusting the number of coating cycles of the l-CO 2-based deposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-127
Number of pages6
JournalThin Solid Films
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 28


  • Copper indium sulfide
  • Liquid carbon dioxide
  • Pore-filling
  • Ternary chalcogenide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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