Uniquely structured Sb nanoparticle-embedded carbon/reduced graphene oxide composite shell with empty voids for high performance sodium-ion storage

Jin Sung Park, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanostructure design that can effectively buffer volume changes during electrochemical reactions and compositing with carbonaceous materials are considered effective strategies in enhancing the electrochemical properties of Sb-based electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries. In this study, uniquely structured Sb nanoparticle-embedded hollow carbon/reduced graphene oxide (rGO)hybrid microspheres are prepared via facile spray pyrolysis and subsequent one-step heat treatment. Decomposition of metal tartrate chelate results in hollow microspheres with shells containing void spaces. Ultrasmall nanocrystals embedded in carbon/rGO walls are formed due to the inhibition of crystal growth by the rGO matrix surrounding them. The uniqueness of the structure and compositing with rGO matrix enable remarkable electrochemical properties when the microspheres are applied as anode material for sodium-ion batteries. The discharge capacity of the microspheres for the 2nd cycle when cycled at a current density of 0.5 A g −1 is 433 mA h g −1 , and the capacity retention after 500 cycles, calculated from the 5th cycle, is 80%. They also exhibit excellent rate capability; a discharge capacity as high as 323 mA h g −1 is achieved at a current density of 3.0 A g −1 .

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-237
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume373
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1

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Graphite
Microspheres
void
Oxides
Graphene
Carbon
Sodium
sodium
oxide
shell
Ions
Nanoparticles
ion
carbon
Composite materials
Electrochemical properties
Current density
matrix
Spray pyrolysis
chelate

Keywords

  • Antimony
  • Graphene oxide
  • Nanostructured materials
  • Sodium-ion batteries
  • Spray pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Uniquely structured Sb nanoparticle-embedded carbon/reduced graphene oxide composite shell with empty voids for high performance sodium-ion storage",
abstract = "Nanostructure design that can effectively buffer volume changes during electrochemical reactions and compositing with carbonaceous materials are considered effective strategies in enhancing the electrochemical properties of Sb-based electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries. In this study, uniquely structured Sb nanoparticle-embedded hollow carbon/reduced graphene oxide (rGO)hybrid microspheres are prepared via facile spray pyrolysis and subsequent one-step heat treatment. Decomposition of metal tartrate chelate results in hollow microspheres with shells containing void spaces. Ultrasmall nanocrystals embedded in carbon/rGO walls are formed due to the inhibition of crystal growth by the rGO matrix surrounding them. The uniqueness of the structure and compositing with rGO matrix enable remarkable electrochemical properties when the microspheres are applied as anode material for sodium-ion batteries. The discharge capacity of the microspheres for the 2nd cycle when cycled at a current density of 0.5 A g −1 is 433 mA h g −1 , and the capacity retention after 500 cycles, calculated from the 5th cycle, is 80{\%}. They also exhibit excellent rate capability; a discharge capacity as high as 323 mA h g −1 is achieved at a current density of 3.0 A g −1 .",
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author = "Park, {Jin Sung} and Kang, {Yun Chan}",
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AU - Kang, Yun Chan

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N2 - Nanostructure design that can effectively buffer volume changes during electrochemical reactions and compositing with carbonaceous materials are considered effective strategies in enhancing the electrochemical properties of Sb-based electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries. In this study, uniquely structured Sb nanoparticle-embedded hollow carbon/reduced graphene oxide (rGO)hybrid microspheres are prepared via facile spray pyrolysis and subsequent one-step heat treatment. Decomposition of metal tartrate chelate results in hollow microspheres with shells containing void spaces. Ultrasmall nanocrystals embedded in carbon/rGO walls are formed due to the inhibition of crystal growth by the rGO matrix surrounding them. The uniqueness of the structure and compositing with rGO matrix enable remarkable electrochemical properties when the microspheres are applied as anode material for sodium-ion batteries. The discharge capacity of the microspheres for the 2nd cycle when cycled at a current density of 0.5 A g −1 is 433 mA h g −1 , and the capacity retention after 500 cycles, calculated from the 5th cycle, is 80%. They also exhibit excellent rate capability; a discharge capacity as high as 323 mA h g −1 is achieved at a current density of 3.0 A g −1 .

AB - Nanostructure design that can effectively buffer volume changes during electrochemical reactions and compositing with carbonaceous materials are considered effective strategies in enhancing the electrochemical properties of Sb-based electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries. In this study, uniquely structured Sb nanoparticle-embedded hollow carbon/reduced graphene oxide (rGO)hybrid microspheres are prepared via facile spray pyrolysis and subsequent one-step heat treatment. Decomposition of metal tartrate chelate results in hollow microspheres with shells containing void spaces. Ultrasmall nanocrystals embedded in carbon/rGO walls are formed due to the inhibition of crystal growth by the rGO matrix surrounding them. The uniqueness of the structure and compositing with rGO matrix enable remarkable electrochemical properties when the microspheres are applied as anode material for sodium-ion batteries. The discharge capacity of the microspheres for the 2nd cycle when cycled at a current density of 0.5 A g −1 is 433 mA h g −1 , and the capacity retention after 500 cycles, calculated from the 5th cycle, is 80%. They also exhibit excellent rate capability; a discharge capacity as high as 323 mA h g −1 is achieved at a current density of 3.0 A g −1 .

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