Unprocessed meat consumption and incident cardiovascular diseases in Korean adults: The Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES)

Kyong Park, Jakyung Son, Jiyoung Jang, Ryungwoo Kang, Hye Kyung Chung, Kyong Won Lee, Seung Min Lee, Hyunjung Lim, Min-Jeong Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Meat consumption has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Western societies; however, epidemiological data are limited on the Korean population. Therefore, we examined the associations between unprocessed meat consumption and CVD incidence in Korea. Data were derived from the Ansung-Ansan cohort (2001–2012), including 9370 adults (40–69 years) without CVD or cancer at baseline. Total unprocessed meat consumption was estimated as the sum of unprocessed red meat (beef, pork, and organ meat) and poultry consumption. In the fully adjusted Cox regression model, the relative risks of CVD across increasing quintiles of total unprocessed meat intake were 1.0 (reference), 0.72 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.55, 0.95), 0.57 (95% CI: 0.42, 0.78), 0.69 (95% CI: 0.51, 0.95), and 0.69 (95% CI: 0.48, 0.97), but no significant linear trend was detected (p for trend = 0.14). Frequent poultry consumption was significantly associated with a decreased CVD risk; this association showed a dose-response relationship (p for trend = 0.04). This study showed that a moderate intake of total unprocessed meat was inversely associated with CVD risk. A significant inverse association between poultry consumption and incident CVD was observed in Korean adults, requiring further confirmation in other populations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number498
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 15

Keywords

  • Asian
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cohort
  • Unprocessed meat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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