Unraveling the Dynamic Interfacial Behavior of LiCoO2 at Various Voltages with Lithium Bis(oxalato)borate for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Meihua Hong, Subin Lee, Van Chuong Ho, Daon Lee, Seung Ho Yu, Junyoung Mun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electrochemical dynamic behavior of the solid electrolyte interface (SEI) formed on LiCoO2 (LCO) by lithium bis(oxalato)borate (LiBOB) is investigated at various cutoff voltages. Particularly, for layered cathode active materials, various cutoff voltages are used to control the delithiation states; however, systematic investigations of the voltage and SEI are lacking. To increase the practical energy density of the LCO, a high cutoff voltage is pursued to utilize a state of high delithiation. However, this high cutoff voltage causes the electrolyte to undergo side reactions and the crystalline structure changes irreversibly, limiting the cycle life. In a low-voltage environment (<4.7 V), LiBOB improves the initial Coulombic efficiency and cycling performance by forming an effective SEI, which suppresses side reactions. At higher voltage levels (4.7-4.9 V), LiBOB no longer effectively protects the surface, causing the electrochemical performance to decrease rapidly. The main cause of this phenomenon is the decomposition of LiBOB-SEI at a high voltage, as shown by systematic surface and electrochemical analyses comprising linear sweep voltammetry, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. In conclusion, LiBOB can suppress side reactions of the electrolyte by SEI formation, but the SEI decomposes at voltage levels higher than 4.7 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10267-10276
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 2

Keywords

  • high-voltage
  • LiCoO
  • lithium bis(oxalato)borate (LiBOB)
  • lithium-ion batteries
  • solid electrolyte interphase (SEI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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