Sleep fragmentation (SF) commonly occurs in several pathologic conditions and is especially associated with impairments of hippocampus-dependent neurocognitive functions. Although the effects of SF on hippocampus in terms of protein or gene levels were examined in several studies, the impact of SF at the metabolite level has not been investigated. Thus, in this study, the differentially expressed large-scale metabolite profiles of hippocampus in a rat model of SF were investigated using untargeted metabolomics approaches. Forty-eight rats were divided into the following 4 groups: 4-day SF group, 4-day exercise control (EC) group, 15-day SF group, and 15-day EC group (n = 12, each). SF was accomplished by forced exercise using a walking wheel system with 30-s on/90-s off cycles, and EC condition was set at 10-min on/30-min off. The metabolite profiles of rat hippocampi in the SF and EC groups were analyzed using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Multivariate analysis revealed distinctive metabolic profiles and marker signals between the SF and corresponding EC groups. Metabolic changes were significant only in the 15-day SF group. In the 15-day SF group, L-tryptophan, myristoylcarnitine, and palmitoylcarnitine were significantly increased, while adenosine monophosphate, hypoxanthine, L-glutamate, L-aspartate, L-methionine, and glycerophosphocholine were decreased compared to the EC group. The alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolism pathway was observed as the common key pathway in the 15-day SF groups. The results from this untargeted metabolomics study provide a perspective on metabolic impact of SF on the hippocampus.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Brain Research Bulletin|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Nov 1|
- Sleep fragmentation
- Untargeted metabolomics
ASJC Scopus subject areas