Up-regulation of MUC5AC mRNA expression in endotoxin-induced otitis media

Young Tae Kim, Hak Hyun Jung, Tae Ok Ko, Seo Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the expression levels of MUC5AC in endotoxin-induced otitis media with effusion (OME) in the rat using competitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the morphology of middle ear mucosa using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Experimental OME in the rat was induced after middle ear instillation of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Middle ear mucosa were obtained at 0 h, 12 h, Day 1, Day 3, Day 7 and Day 14 and reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCRs were then performed for the identification of MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC and submandibular mucin 1 expression, followed by competitive PCRs for MUC5AC and β2-microglobulin expression. Normal middle ear mucosa revealed no expression of mucin genes, whereas endotoxin upregulated the expression of MUC5AC mRNA between 12 h and Day 7, with maximal expression at Days 1 and 3. Middle ears treated three times with LPS upregulated more MUC5AC mRNA expression, by a factor of ≈3.5, than those 1 day after one instillation. On TEM, dark granulated cells were observed at Day 3 after endotoxin instillation, but mixed granulated cells were seen on the ears treated three times with LPS. These results suggest that MUC5AC could be one of the major mucin genes in the middle ear mucosa related to otitis media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-370
Number of pages7
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Volume121
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jun 5

Fingerprint

Otitis Media
Middle Ear
Endotoxins
Up-Regulation
Messenger RNA
Mucous Membrane
Lipopolysaccharides
Otitis Media with Effusion
Mucins
Transmission Electron Microscopy
Mucin-1
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Ear
Escherichia coli
Gene Expression
Genes

Keywords

  • Endotoxin
  • Mucin
  • Otitis media with effusion
  • Rats
  • Ultrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Up-regulation of MUC5AC mRNA expression in endotoxin-induced otitis media. / Kim, Young Tae; Jung, Hak Hyun; Ko, Tae Ok; Kim, Seo Jin.

In: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, Vol. 121, No. 3, 05.06.2001, p. 364-370.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Young Tae ; Jung, Hak Hyun ; Ko, Tae Ok ; Kim, Seo Jin. / Up-regulation of MUC5AC mRNA expression in endotoxin-induced otitis media. In: Acta Oto-Laryngologica. 2001 ; Vol. 121, No. 3. pp. 364-370.
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