We investigated the expression levels of MUC5AC in endotoxin-induced otitis media with effusion (OME) in the rat using competitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the morphology of middle ear mucosa using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Experimental OME in the rat was induced after middle ear instillation of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Middle ear mucosa were obtained at 0 h, 12 h, Day 1, Day 3, Day 7 and Day 14 and reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCRs were then performed for the identification of MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC and submandibular mucin 1 expression, followed by competitive PCRs for MUC5AC and β2-microglobulin expression. Normal middle ear mucosa revealed no expression of mucin genes, whereas endotoxin upregulated the expression of MUC5AC mRNA between 12 h and Day 7, with maximal expression at Days 1 and 3. Middle ears treated three times with LPS upregulated more MUC5AC mRNA expression, by a factor of ≈3.5, than those 1 day after one instillation. On TEM, dark granulated cells were observed at Day 3 after endotoxin instillation, but mixed granulated cells were seen on the ears treated three times with LPS. These results suggest that MUC5AC could be one of the major mucin genes in the middle ear mucosa related to otitis media.
- Otitis media with effusion
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