Up-regulation of peroxidase proliferator-activated receptor γ in cholesteatoma

Soon Jae Hwang, Hee Joon Kang, Jae Jun Song, Jae Seong Kang, Jeong Soo Woo, Sung Won Chae, Heung Man Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the localization and expression of peroxidase proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ in cholesteatoma epithelium. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was performed on cholesteatoma tissues from 10 adult patients undergoing tympanomastoid surgery for middle ear cholesteatoma and on 10 samples of normal external auditory canal skin tissue. The expression levels of PPARγ to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase transcripts were semiquantified by densitometry. We also characterized the cellular localization of the PPARγ protein immunohistochemically. Ki-67 was also localized to compare the proliferative activity of cells in cholesteatoma epithelium and in normal external auditory canal skin. RESULTS: PPARγ mRNA and protein were detected in normal external auditory canal skin and in cholesteatoma epithelium. The expression level of PPARγ mRNA in cholesteatoma was significantly increased compared with that in normal external auditory canal skin. PPARγ protein was expressed in cells mainly in the granular and prickle cell layers. However, the intensity of its expression was generally decreased in the parabasal layer of the cholesteatoma epithelium. Ki-67 was expressed in the nuclei of cells in the basal and parabasal layers, and a greater number of cells were Ki-67 immunopositive in cholesteatoma epithelium. CONCLUSION: PPARγ is up-regulated in the cholesteatoma epithelium compared with normal external auditory canal skin. These results suggest that PPARγ may play an important role in the pathogenesis of cholesteatoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-61
Number of pages4
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan


  • Cholesteatoma
  • Ki-67
  • PPARγ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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