Urinary Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase and Insulin-like Growth Factor–7 as Early Biomarkers of Delayed Graft Function After Kidney Transplantation

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Background Recently, urinary tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase–2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor–7 (IGFBP-7), markers for G1 cell cycle arrest, have been identified and validated in predicting the development of acute kidney injury in critically ill patients. It is unknown, however, whether these two biomarkers could predict the development of delayed graft function (DGF) after kidney transplantation (KT). Methods This is a single-center, prospective, observational study. We enrolled 74 patients who underwent KT between August 2013 and December 2016. Urine sample were collected immediately after the operation. The primary outcome was development of DGF as defined by need for dialysis of more than 1 session within 7 days of KT. Results Twenty-three patients (31%) were diagnosed with DGF. In univariate analysis, kidneys from expanded criteria donors, higher donor serum creatinine, lower donor estimated glomerular filtration rate, antithymoglobulin exposure, neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin, and urinary [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] were significantly different between early graft function and DGF. However, in multivariate analysis adjusting other factors, deceased donor and urinary [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] at 0 hours post-transplantation could predict the development of DGF. The receiver operating characteristic curve for prediction of DGF showed an area under the curve of 0.867 (sensitivity 0.86, specificity 0.71) for a cutoff value of 1.39. Conclusions Our results indicate that urine [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] immediately after transplantation could be an early, predictive biomarker of DGF in kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2050-2054
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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