Use of antidepressants in the treatment of depression in Asia: Guidelines, clinical evidence, and experience revisited

Tamás Treuer, Chia Yih Liu, Gerardo Salazar, Ronnachai Kongsakon, Fujun Jia, Hussain Habil, Min-Soo Lee, Amanda Lowry, Héctor Dueñas

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Major depressive disorder is prevalent worldwide, and only about half of those affected will experience no further episodes or symptoms. Additionally, depressive symptoms can be challenging to identify, with many patients going undiagnosed despite a wide variety of available treatment options. Antidepressants are the cornerstone of depression treatment; however, a large number of factors must be considered in selecting the treatment best suited to the individual. To help support physicians in this process, international and national treatment guidelines have been developed. This review evaluates the current use of antidepressant treatment for major depressive disorder in six Asian countries (China, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan, and Thailand). No remarkable differences were noted between Asian and international treatment guidelines or among those from within Asia as these are adapted from western guidelines, although there were some local variations. Importantly, a shortage of evidence-based information at a country level is the primary problem in developing guidelines appropriate for Asia, so most of the guidelines are consensus opinions derived from western research data utilized in western guidelines. Treatment guidelines need to evolve from being consensus based to evidence based when evidence is available, taking into consideration cost/effectiveness or cost/benefit with an evidence-based approach that more accurately reflects clinical experience as well as the attributes of each antidepressant. In everyday practice, physicians must tailor their treatment to the patient's clinical needs while considering associated external factors; better tools are needed to help them reach the best possible prescribing decisions which are of maximum benefit to patients.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)219-230
    Number of pages12
    JournalAsia-Pacific Psychiatry
    Volume5
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec 1

    Keywords

    • Antidepressive agent
    • Asia
    • Depressive disorder
    • Duloxetine
    • Guideline

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health

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