Use of 99mTc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3)-biocytin hepatobiliary scintigraphy to study the protective effect of a synthetic enzyme inhibitor on acute hepatotoxicity in mice

Meyoung Kon Kim, Byoung J. Song, Jürgen Seidel, Yunjo Soh, Kyu Shik Jeong, In Sook Kim, Hisataka Kobayashi, Michael V. Green, Jorge A. Carrasquillo, Chang H. Paik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Recent data suggest that inhibitors of ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 (CYP2E1) can protect the liver from injury caused by various substrates of CYP2E1. In this study, we measured the protective effect of isopropyl-2- (1,3-dithioetane-2-ylidene)-2[N-(4-methylthiazol-2-yl)-carbamoyl]acetate (YH439), a transcriptional inhibitor of CYP2E1, against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity by using various conventional methods anti dynamic scintigraphy with 99mTc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3)-biocytin, a recently developed scintigraphic agent. Balb/c mice were pretreated with two doses of YH439 (50 or 150 mg/kg per day) at 48 h and 24 h and one dose of CCl4 (0.25 mL/kg) at 18 h before scintigraphy. The results were compared with 'those of two other groups, one that received CCl4 but not YH439, and the other that received neither (control). Scintigraphic images were acquired continuously at 15-sec intervals for 30 min. Pharmacokinetic parameters, such as peak liver/heart ratio (r(max)), peak liver uptake time (t(max)), and hepatic half-clearance time (HCT), were obtained from time-activity curves derived from regions-of-interest (ROI) over the liver and the heart. Acute administration of CCl4 alone caused centrilobular necrosis and serum transaminase levels to rise more than 5 times higher than those of the control group. Pharmacokinetic parameters also changed significantly from those of the control group. Administration of YH439 prevented centrilobular necrosis and significantly improved pharmacokinetic parameters. This study demonstrates for the first time that hepatobiliary scintigraphy can be used to study in vivo biochemistry of the CYP2E1 inhibitor (YH439) against liver toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-568
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute hepatitis
  • Cytochrome P450 2E1
  • In vivo imaging
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • YH439

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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