Usefulness of controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration in gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver magnetic resonance imaging to clarify the hepatic arterial phase

Yang Shin Park, Chang Hee Lee, In Seong Kim, Berthold Kiefer, Seung Tae Woo, Kyeong Ah Kim, Cheol Min Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: We aimed to determine whether the controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration (CAIPIRINHA) technique could improve the image quality of the hepatic arterial phase of gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 320 patients underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MR imaging: a conventional protocol (a fixed scan delay and 2-mL/s injection) using a standard 3-T MR system (Trio-Tim; Siemens, commercialized since 2005) (group A), an optimized protocol (bolus tracking and 1-mL/s injection) using a standard 3-T MR (group B), an optimized protocol using a new 3-T MR (Skyra; Siemens, commercialized since 2012) (group C), and an optimized protocol with CAIPIRINHA using a new 3-T MR (group D). The image quality of the hepatic arterial phase was graded using a 4-point rating scale from 1 (no artifacts) to 4 points (non-diagnostic images with severe artifacts). The differences in image quality scores among the 4 groups were evaluated. In addition, the detection rates of hypervascular hepatocellular carcinomas among the 4 groups were evaluated. RESULTS: Scores of 4 points were observed in groups A (n = 7), B (n = 5), and C (n = 3) but not in group D. The median image quality score was 2 in groups A and B and 1 in groups C and D. From group A to group D, the median image quality score decreased significantly (P = 0.0001). The median image quality score was significantly lower in group D than in groups A and B (P = 0.0001 and 0.001, respectively), whereas there was no significant difference observed between groups C and D (P = 0.656). The detection rates of hypervascular hepatocellular carcinomas on the hepatic arterial phase were not significantly different among the groups (all P > 0.03), except between groups A and D (P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: The CAIPIRINHA technique improved the image quality of hepatic arterial phase imaging with gadoxetic acid, reducing the number of non-diagnostic arterial phase studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalInvestigative radiology
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar

Keywords

  • CAIPIRINHA
  • Gd-EOB-DTPA
  • MRI
  • arterial phase
  • gadoxetic acid
  • liver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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