Validation of prognostic scores to predict short-term mortality in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure

Do Seon Song, Tae Yeob Kim, Dong Joon Kim, Hee Yeon Kim, Dong Hyun Sinn, Eileen L. Yoon, Chang Wook Kim, Young Kul Jung, Ki Tae Suk, Sang Soo Lee, Chang Hyeong Lee, Tae Hun Kim, Won Hyeok Choe, Hyung Joon Yim, Sung Eun Kim, Soon Koo Baik, Jae Young Jang, Hyoung Su Kim, Sang Gyune Kim, Jin Mo YangJoo Hyun Sohn, Eun Hee Choi, Hyun Chin Cho, Soung Won Jeong, Moon Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to validate the chronic liver failure-sequential organ failure assessment score (CLIF-SOFAs), CLIF consortium organ failure score (CLIF-C OFs), CLIF-C acute-on-chronic liver failure score (CLIF-C ACLFs), and CLIF-C acute decompensation score in Korean chronic liver disease patients with acute deterioration. Methods: Acute-on-chronic liver failure was defined by either the Asian Pacific Association for the study of the Liver ACLF Research Consortium (AARC) or CLIF-C criteria. The diagnostic performances for short-term mortality were compared by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: Among a total of 1470 patients, 252 patients were diagnosed with ACLF according to the CLIF-C (197 patients) or AARC definition (95 patients). As the ACLF grades increased, the survival rates became significantly lower. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic of the CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs were significantly higher than those of the Child-Pugh, model for end-stage liver disease, and model for end-stage liver disease-Na scores in ACLF patients according to the CLIF-C definition (all P < 0.05), but there were no significant differences in patients without ACLF or in patients with ACLF according to the AARC definition. The CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs had higher specificities with a fixed sensitivity than liver specific scores in ACLF patients according to the CLIF-C definition, but not in ACLF patients according to the AARC definition. Conclusions: The CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs are useful scoring systems that provide accurate information on prognosis in patients with ACLF according to the CLIF-C definition, but not the AARC definition.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

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Organ Dysfunction Scores
End Stage Liver Disease
Mortality
Research
ROC Curve
Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure
Liver
Liver Diseases
Chronic Disease
Survival Rate

Keywords

  • Acute-on-chronic liver failure
  • Prognosis
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Validation of prognostic scores to predict short-term mortality in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure. / Song, Do Seon; Kim, Tae Yeob; Kim, Dong Joon; Kim, Hee Yeon; Sinn, Dong Hyun; Yoon, Eileen L.; Kim, Chang Wook; Jung, Young Kul; Suk, Ki Tae; Lee, Sang Soo; Lee, Chang Hyeong; Kim, Tae Hun; Choe, Won Hyeok; Yim, Hyung Joon; Kim, Sung Eun; Baik, Soon Koo; Jang, Jae Young; Kim, Hyoung Su; Kim, Sang Gyune; Yang, Jin Mo; Sohn, Joo Hyun; Choi, Eun Hee; Cho, Hyun Chin; Jeong, Soung Won; Kim, Moon Young.

In: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia), 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Song, DS, Kim, TY, Kim, DJ, Kim, HY, Sinn, DH, Yoon, EL, Kim, CW, Jung, YK, Suk, KT, Lee, SS, Lee, CH, Kim, TH, Choe, WH, Yim, HJ, Kim, SE, Baik, SK, Jang, JY, Kim, HS, Kim, SG, Yang, JM, Sohn, JH, Choi, EH, Cho, HC, Jeong, SW & Kim, MY 2018, 'Validation of prognostic scores to predict short-term mortality in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure', Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia). https://doi.org/10.1111/jgh.13991
Song, Do Seon ; Kim, Tae Yeob ; Kim, Dong Joon ; Kim, Hee Yeon ; Sinn, Dong Hyun ; Yoon, Eileen L. ; Kim, Chang Wook ; Jung, Young Kul ; Suk, Ki Tae ; Lee, Sang Soo ; Lee, Chang Hyeong ; Kim, Tae Hun ; Choe, Won Hyeok ; Yim, Hyung Joon ; Kim, Sung Eun ; Baik, Soon Koo ; Jang, Jae Young ; Kim, Hyoung Su ; Kim, Sang Gyune ; Yang, Jin Mo ; Sohn, Joo Hyun ; Choi, Eun Hee ; Cho, Hyun Chin ; Jeong, Soung Won ; Kim, Moon Young. / Validation of prognostic scores to predict short-term mortality in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure. In: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia). 2018.
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abstract = "Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to validate the chronic liver failure-sequential organ failure assessment score (CLIF-SOFAs), CLIF consortium organ failure score (CLIF-C OFs), CLIF-C acute-on-chronic liver failure score (CLIF-C ACLFs), and CLIF-C acute decompensation score in Korean chronic liver disease patients with acute deterioration. Methods: Acute-on-chronic liver failure was defined by either the Asian Pacific Association for the study of the Liver ACLF Research Consortium (AARC) or CLIF-C criteria. The diagnostic performances for short-term mortality were compared by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: Among a total of 1470 patients, 252 patients were diagnosed with ACLF according to the CLIF-C (197 patients) or AARC definition (95 patients). As the ACLF grades increased, the survival rates became significantly lower. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic of the CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs were significantly higher than those of the Child-Pugh, model for end-stage liver disease, and model for end-stage liver disease-Na scores in ACLF patients according to the CLIF-C definition (all P < 0.05), but there were no significant differences in patients without ACLF or in patients with ACLF according to the AARC definition. The CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs had higher specificities with a fixed sensitivity than liver specific scores in ACLF patients according to the CLIF-C definition, but not in ACLF patients according to the AARC definition. Conclusions: The CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs are useful scoring systems that provide accurate information on prognosis in patients with ACLF according to the CLIF-C definition, but not the AARC definition.",
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T1 - Validation of prognostic scores to predict short-term mortality in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure

AU - Song, Do Seon

AU - Kim, Tae Yeob

AU - Kim, Dong Joon

AU - Kim, Hee Yeon

AU - Sinn, Dong Hyun

AU - Yoon, Eileen L.

AU - Kim, Chang Wook

AU - Jung, Young Kul

AU - Suk, Ki Tae

AU - Lee, Sang Soo

AU - Lee, Chang Hyeong

AU - Kim, Tae Hun

AU - Choe, Won Hyeok

AU - Yim, Hyung Joon

AU - Kim, Sung Eun

AU - Baik, Soon Koo

AU - Jang, Jae Young

AU - Kim, Hyoung Su

AU - Kim, Sang Gyune

AU - Yang, Jin Mo

AU - Sohn, Joo Hyun

AU - Choi, Eun Hee

AU - Cho, Hyun Chin

AU - Jeong, Soung Won

AU - Kim, Moon Young

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to validate the chronic liver failure-sequential organ failure assessment score (CLIF-SOFAs), CLIF consortium organ failure score (CLIF-C OFs), CLIF-C acute-on-chronic liver failure score (CLIF-C ACLFs), and CLIF-C acute decompensation score in Korean chronic liver disease patients with acute deterioration. Methods: Acute-on-chronic liver failure was defined by either the Asian Pacific Association for the study of the Liver ACLF Research Consortium (AARC) or CLIF-C criteria. The diagnostic performances for short-term mortality were compared by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: Among a total of 1470 patients, 252 patients were diagnosed with ACLF according to the CLIF-C (197 patients) or AARC definition (95 patients). As the ACLF grades increased, the survival rates became significantly lower. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic of the CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs were significantly higher than those of the Child-Pugh, model for end-stage liver disease, and model for end-stage liver disease-Na scores in ACLF patients according to the CLIF-C definition (all P < 0.05), but there were no significant differences in patients without ACLF or in patients with ACLF according to the AARC definition. The CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs had higher specificities with a fixed sensitivity than liver specific scores in ACLF patients according to the CLIF-C definition, but not in ACLF patients according to the AARC definition. Conclusions: The CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs are useful scoring systems that provide accurate information on prognosis in patients with ACLF according to the CLIF-C definition, but not the AARC definition.

AB - Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to validate the chronic liver failure-sequential organ failure assessment score (CLIF-SOFAs), CLIF consortium organ failure score (CLIF-C OFs), CLIF-C acute-on-chronic liver failure score (CLIF-C ACLFs), and CLIF-C acute decompensation score in Korean chronic liver disease patients with acute deterioration. Methods: Acute-on-chronic liver failure was defined by either the Asian Pacific Association for the study of the Liver ACLF Research Consortium (AARC) or CLIF-C criteria. The diagnostic performances for short-term mortality were compared by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: Among a total of 1470 patients, 252 patients were diagnosed with ACLF according to the CLIF-C (197 patients) or AARC definition (95 patients). As the ACLF grades increased, the survival rates became significantly lower. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic of the CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs were significantly higher than those of the Child-Pugh, model for end-stage liver disease, and model for end-stage liver disease-Na scores in ACLF patients according to the CLIF-C definition (all P < 0.05), but there were no significant differences in patients without ACLF or in patients with ACLF according to the AARC definition. The CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs had higher specificities with a fixed sensitivity than liver specific scores in ACLF patients according to the CLIF-C definition, but not in ACLF patients according to the AARC definition. Conclusions: The CLIF-SOFAs, CLIF-C OFs, and CLIF-C ACLFs are useful scoring systems that provide accurate information on prognosis in patients with ACLF according to the CLIF-C definition, but not the AARC definition.

KW - Acute-on-chronic liver failure

KW - Prognosis

KW - Validation

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