Variation in microRNA expression profile of uterine leiomyoma with endometrial cavity distortion and endometrial cavity non-distortion

Yong Jin Kim, Yoon Young Kim, Jung Ho Shin, Hoon Kim, Seung Yup Ku, Chang Suk Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The expression profile of microRNA (miRNA) in uterine leiomyoma (UL) cells is different from that in normal uterine myometrial (UM) cells. The effect of UL cells on uterine receptivity might vary according to their ability to distort the uterine endometrial cavity. However, the variation in miRNA expression profiles between endometrial cavity-distorting leiomyoma (ECDL) and endometrial cavity non-distorting leiomyoma (ECNDL) cells remains unknown. This study aimed to elucidate whether the expression profile of miRNAs in ECDL cells is dissimilar to that of ECNDL cells in uterus. Pelviscopic myomectomy was performed to obtain tissue samples of UL and their corresponding normal UM tissues (matched) from patients with UL (n = 26), among whom women with ECNDL and ECDL numbered 15 and 11, respectively. The relative expression of hsa-miR-15b,-29a,-29b,-29c,-197, and-200c as well as the candidate target genes in UL cells was compared to those in the matched UM cells using qRT-PCR to assess their ability to cause ECD. The spatial expression of miRNAs and target genes in the UL tissues was analyzed using in situ hybridization. Target gene expression was analyzed using qPCR after transfection with the mimics and inhibitors of miRNAs in UL cells. The relative expression level of miR-15b was upregulated, and the relative expression levels of miR-29a,-29b,-29c,-197, and-200c were downregulated in UL cells compared to those in UM cells. The relative expression levels of progesterone receptor, estrogen receptor, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were upregulated in UL cells compared to those in UM cells. The relative expression levels of miR-29c and-200c were downregulated, and the relative expression levels of estrogen receptor, MMPs and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) were upregulated in ECDL cells compared to those in ECNDL cells. The expression profile of miRNAs in UL cells varied with respect to the occurrence or absence of endometrial cavity distortion. The biochemical properties of UL might be regulated by miRNAs in order to alter their effect on structural homeostasis of the uterus.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2524
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep

Keywords

  • Endometrial cavity distortion
  • Uterine leiomyoma
  • microRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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