Variation in thrips species composition in field crops and implications for tomato spotted wilt epidemiology in North Carolina

Craig S. Eckel, Ki Jong Cho, James F. Walgenbach, George G. Kennedy, James W. Moyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thrips were surveyed in tomato spotted wilt-susceptible crops in five areas across North Carolina. Tomato, pepper, and tobacco plants in commercial fields were sampled and 30 species of thrips were collected over a 3-year period. The most common species overall was Frankliniella tritici (Fitch). The most common thrips species that are known to vector Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus (TSWV) were F. fusca (Hinds), and F. occidentalis (Pergande). Relatively low numbers of Thrips tabaci Lindeman, another reported vector, were collected. The spatial and temporal occurrence of vectors varied with sampling method, crop species, region of North Carolina, and localized areas within each region. In a laboratory experiment, no difference was detected between the ability of F. fusca and F. occidentalis to acquire and transmit a local isolate of TSWV. Based on vector efficiency and occurrence, F. fusca is considered the most important vector of TSWV in tobacco, whereas both F. fusca and F. occidentalis are important vectors of TSWV in tomato and pepper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-29
Number of pages11
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume78
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tomato spotted wilt virus
thrips
wilt
epidemiology
Thysanoptera
field crops
tomatoes
species diversity
crop
virus
pepper
tobacco
Frankliniella fusca
Frankliniella tritici
Thrips (Thripidae)
Thrips tabaci
Thripidae
crops
sampling

Keywords

  • Frankliniella fusca
  • Frankliniella occidentalis
  • Pepper
  • Thrips
  • Thrips tabaci
  • Tobacco
  • Tomato
  • Tomato spotted wilt virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

Cite this

Variation in thrips species composition in field crops and implications for tomato spotted wilt epidemiology in North Carolina. / Eckel, Craig S.; Cho, Ki Jong; Walgenbach, James F.; Kennedy, George G.; Moyer, James W.

In: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, Vol. 78, No. 1, 01.01.1996, p. 19-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eckel, Craig S. ; Cho, Ki Jong ; Walgenbach, James F. ; Kennedy, George G. ; Moyer, James W. / Variation in thrips species composition in field crops and implications for tomato spotted wilt epidemiology in North Carolina. In: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 1996 ; Vol. 78, No. 1. pp. 19-29.
@article{905408dccf664a9d9fde4f1acf9a5c6e,
title = "Variation in thrips species composition in field crops and implications for tomato spotted wilt epidemiology in North Carolina",
abstract = "Thrips were surveyed in tomato spotted wilt-susceptible crops in five areas across North Carolina. Tomato, pepper, and tobacco plants in commercial fields were sampled and 30 species of thrips were collected over a 3-year period. The most common species overall was Frankliniella tritici (Fitch). The most common thrips species that are known to vector Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus (TSWV) were F. fusca (Hinds), and F. occidentalis (Pergande). Relatively low numbers of Thrips tabaci Lindeman, another reported vector, were collected. The spatial and temporal occurrence of vectors varied with sampling method, crop species, region of North Carolina, and localized areas within each region. In a laboratory experiment, no difference was detected between the ability of F. fusca and F. occidentalis to acquire and transmit a local isolate of TSWV. Based on vector efficiency and occurrence, F. fusca is considered the most important vector of TSWV in tobacco, whereas both F. fusca and F. occidentalis are important vectors of TSWV in tomato and pepper.",
keywords = "Frankliniella fusca, Frankliniella occidentalis, Pepper, Thrips, Thrips tabaci, Tobacco, Tomato, Tomato spotted wilt virus",
author = "Eckel, {Craig S.} and Cho, {Ki Jong} and Walgenbach, {James F.} and Kennedy, {George G.} and Moyer, {James W.}",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "78",
pages = "19--29",
journal = "Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata",
issn = "0013-8703",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Variation in thrips species composition in field crops and implications for tomato spotted wilt epidemiology in North Carolina

AU - Eckel, Craig S.

AU - Cho, Ki Jong

AU - Walgenbach, James F.

AU - Kennedy, George G.

AU - Moyer, James W.

PY - 1996/1/1

Y1 - 1996/1/1

N2 - Thrips were surveyed in tomato spotted wilt-susceptible crops in five areas across North Carolina. Tomato, pepper, and tobacco plants in commercial fields were sampled and 30 species of thrips were collected over a 3-year period. The most common species overall was Frankliniella tritici (Fitch). The most common thrips species that are known to vector Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus (TSWV) were F. fusca (Hinds), and F. occidentalis (Pergande). Relatively low numbers of Thrips tabaci Lindeman, another reported vector, were collected. The spatial and temporal occurrence of vectors varied with sampling method, crop species, region of North Carolina, and localized areas within each region. In a laboratory experiment, no difference was detected between the ability of F. fusca and F. occidentalis to acquire and transmit a local isolate of TSWV. Based on vector efficiency and occurrence, F. fusca is considered the most important vector of TSWV in tobacco, whereas both F. fusca and F. occidentalis are important vectors of TSWV in tomato and pepper.

AB - Thrips were surveyed in tomato spotted wilt-susceptible crops in five areas across North Carolina. Tomato, pepper, and tobacco plants in commercial fields were sampled and 30 species of thrips were collected over a 3-year period. The most common species overall was Frankliniella tritici (Fitch). The most common thrips species that are known to vector Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus (TSWV) were F. fusca (Hinds), and F. occidentalis (Pergande). Relatively low numbers of Thrips tabaci Lindeman, another reported vector, were collected. The spatial and temporal occurrence of vectors varied with sampling method, crop species, region of North Carolina, and localized areas within each region. In a laboratory experiment, no difference was detected between the ability of F. fusca and F. occidentalis to acquire and transmit a local isolate of TSWV. Based on vector efficiency and occurrence, F. fusca is considered the most important vector of TSWV in tobacco, whereas both F. fusca and F. occidentalis are important vectors of TSWV in tomato and pepper.

KW - Frankliniella fusca

KW - Frankliniella occidentalis

KW - Pepper

KW - Thrips

KW - Thrips tabaci

KW - Tobacco

KW - Tomato

KW - Tomato spotted wilt virus

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029773239&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029773239&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0029773239

VL - 78

SP - 19

EP - 29

JO - Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata

JF - Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata

SN - 0013-8703

IS - 1

ER -