Variation in thrips species composition in field crops and implications for tomato spotted wilt epidemiology in North Carolina

Craig S. Eckel, Ki Jong Cho, James F. Walgenbach, George G. Kennedy, James W. Moyer

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41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thrips were surveyed in tomato spotted wilt-susceptible crops in five areas across North Carolina. Tomato, pepper, and tobacco plants in commercial fields were sampled and 30 species of thrips were collected over a 3-year period. The most common species overall was Frankliniella tritici (Fitch). The most common thrips species that are known to vector Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus (TSWV) were F. fusca (Hinds), and F. occidentalis (Pergande). Relatively low numbers of Thrips tabaci Lindeman, another reported vector, were collected. The spatial and temporal occurrence of vectors varied with sampling method, crop species, region of North Carolina, and localized areas within each region. In a laboratory experiment, no difference was detected between the ability of F. fusca and F. occidentalis to acquire and transmit a local isolate of TSWV. Based on vector efficiency and occurrence, F. fusca is considered the most important vector of TSWV in tobacco, whereas both F. fusca and F. occidentalis are important vectors of TSWV in tomato and pepper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-29
Number of pages11
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume78
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Frankliniella fusca
  • Frankliniella occidentalis
  • Pepper
  • Thrips
  • Thrips tabaci
  • Tobacco
  • Tomato
  • Tomato spotted wilt virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

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