Variations of surface ozone at Ieodo Ocean Research Station in the East China Sea and influence of Asian outflows

J. Han, B. Shin, Meehye Lee, G. Hwang, J. Kim, J. Shim, G. Lee, C. Shim

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Abstract

Ieodo Ocean Research Station (IORS), a research tower (∼ 40 ma.s.l.) for atmospheric and oceanographic observations, is located in the East China Sea (32.07° N, 125.10° E). The IORS is almost equidistant from South Korea, China, and Japan and, therefore, it is an ideal place to observe Asian outflows without local emission effects. The average ozone concentrations were 51.8 ± 15.9 ppbv during June 2003-December 2010. The seasonal variation of ozone was distinct, with a summer minimum (37.8 ppbv) and a spring maximum (61.1 ppbv), and was largely affected by seasonal wind pattern over East Asia. The fractional contribution of ozone at IORS could be attributed to six well distinguished air masses that were classified by the cluster analysis of backward trajectories. Marine air from the Pacific Ocean represents a relatively clean background air with a lowest ozone level of 32.2 ppbv in summer. In spring and winter the influence of Chinese outflows was dominant with higher ozone concentrations of 61.6 and 49.3 ppbv, respectively. This study confirms that the influence of Chinese outflows was the main factor determining O3 levels at IORS, of which extent was apt to be changed by meteorological state, particularly at a long-term scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16747-16774
Number of pages28
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 19

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science

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