Vibrational solvatochromic frequency shift of IR probe is an effect of interaction between local electric field and IR probe in condensed phases. Despite prolonged efforts to develop empirical maps for vibrational frequency shifts and transition dipoles of IR probes, a systematic approach to ab initio calculation of vibrational solvatochromic charges and multipoles has not been developed. Here, we report on density functional theory (DFT) calculations of N-methylacetamide (NMA) frequency shifts using implicit and coarse-grained models. The solvatochromic infrared spectral shifts are estimated based on the distributed multipole analysis of electronic densities calculated for gas-phase equilibrium structure of NMA. Thus obtained distributed solvatochromic multipole parameters are used to calculate the amide I vibrational frequency shifts of NMA in water clusters that mimic the instantaneous configurations of the liquid water. Our results indicate that the spectral shifts are primarily electrostatic in nature and can be quantitatively reproduced using the proposed model with semi-quantitative accuracy when compared to the corresponding DFT results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry